Table 2

Association between maternal health insurance status and antenatal, delivery and postnatal care utilisation, GDHS 2008

Model IModel IIModel IIIModel IV
Antenatal care utilisation ORs (95% CI)
 Insured2.71 (2.13 to 3.44)***2.40 (1.88 to 3.06)***2.03 (1.58 to 2.61)***1.96 (1.52 to 2.52)***
 Not insured1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)
Delivery care utilisation ORs (95% CI)
 Insured3.18 (2.72 to 3.72)***2.89 (2.45 to 3.40)***2.37 (1.98 to 2.83)***2.29 (1.91 to 2.74)***
 Not insured1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)
Postnatal care utilisation ORs (95% CI)
 Insured1.63 (1.20 to 2.23)**1.59 (1.16 to 2.18)**1.65 (1.20 to 2.25)**1.61 (1.17 to 2.21)**
 Not insured1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)1 (reference)
  • Model I crude associate; model II adjusted for demographic and obstetric factors maternal age, distance to health facility, parity and multiple gestation; model III adjusted for socioeconomic factors maternal education, marital status, maternal occupation and wealth index; model IV adjusted for all confounders. ***p<0.001; **p<0.01; *p<0.05.

  • GDHS, Ghana Demographic and Health Survey.