Table 3

Psychological distress in mothers and fathers at 9 months after birth

AllVery pretermModerately pretermLate pretermEarly termTermPost-term
Gestational age (weeks)23–42<3232–3334–3637–3839–4142
N (weight %)12 100 (100)119 (1)121 (1)646 (5)2381 (20)8404 (69)426 (3)
Mothers psychological well-being
 Modified Rutter Malaise Inventory >4 (signs of psychological distress)12.121.711.612.213.711.79.4
 Current treatment for depression8.014.68.99.49.07.67.3
 Ever diagnosed with depression23.241.232.926.024.622.221.0
 Felt low or sad for ≥2 weeks since birth30.565.148.332.832.029.328.1
Fathers psychological well-being
 Modified Rutter Malaise Inventory >4 (signs of psychological distress)8.916.116.89.19.38.67.5
 Current treatment for depression2.35.31.11.71.82.42.7
 Ever diagnosed with depression9.118.19.48.710.28.78.2