Table 4

ORs for psychological distress in mothers and fathers, by gestational age at birth of their child

Gestational age groups (weeks)NCrude association (1)+Socioeconomic and demographic variables (2)+Child characteristics (3)+Pregnancy or perinatal factors (4)
Mother's psychological distress at 9 months
 <321192.10 (1.30 to 3.39)1.83 (1.12 to 2.99)1.74 (1.08 to 2.80)1.66 (1.02 to 2.69)
 32–331210.99 (0.54 to 1.83)0.95 (0.52 to 1.72)0.88 (0.48 to 1.59)0.83 (0.46 to 1.49)
 34–366491.05 (0.80 to 1.38)1.00 (0.76 to 1.33)0.95 (0.73 to1.25)0.93 (0.71 to 1.22)
 37–3823811.19 (1.02 to 1.40)1.17 (1.00 to 1.37)1.16 (0.99 to1.36)1.16 (0.99 to 1.36)
 39–4184041.001.001.001.00
 >424260.79 (0.53 to 1.18)0.77 (0.52 to 1.15)0.77 (0.52 to 1.15)0.77 (0.52 to 1.15)
Father's psychological distress at 9 months
 <321192.03 (1.18 to 3.49)1.63 (0.92 to 2.86)1.58 (0.89 to 2.81)
 32–331212.13 (1.27 to 3.56)2.04 (1.24 to 3.38)1.98 (1.20 to 3.29)
 34–366491.06 (0.77 to 1.44)0.98 (0.71 to 1.36)0.97 (0.71 to 1.35)
 37–3823811.09 (0.90 to 1.31)1.08 (0.89 to 1.31)1.08 (0.89 to 1.31)
 39–4184041.001.01.00
 >424260.86 (0.59 to 1.25)0.87 (0.60 to 1.26)0.87 (0.60 to 1.26)
  • Models for fathers: 1=paternal malaise inventory; >4, gestational age groups; 2=1+father's age, relationship status, household socioeconomic class, father currently working, fathers qualifications; 3=no change; 4=2+unplanned pregnancy.

  • Models for mothers: 1=maternal malaise inventory; >4, gestational age groups; 2=1+ethnicity, maternal qualifications, household socioeconomic class; 3=2+multiple birth; 4=5+unplanned pregnancy.