Table 3

Multiple logistic regression analyses of symptoms and their combinations compared with endoscopic findings

Nasal endoscopic findingsLogistic model
SymptomsPositive (%)Negative (%)OR (95% CI)p Value
No symptoms1166 (80.41)22 292 (88.75)1 (reference)
Anterior/posterior nasal drip ①35 (2.41)474 (1.89)1.43 (1.011 to 2.022)0.0431
Nasal blockage/obstruction/congestion ②52 (3.59)595 (2.37)1.685 (1.263 to 2.248)0.0004
Facial pain/pressure ③2 (0.14)35 (0.14)1.346 (0.366 to 4.943)0.6546
Reduction or loss of smell ④90 (6.21)854 (3.4)2.024 (1.617 to 2.534)<0.0001
①+②43 (2.97)432 (1.72)1.922 (1.399 to 2.641)<0.0001
①+③1 (0.07)9 (0.04)3.017 (0.495 to 18.383)0.231
①+④7 (0.48)65 (0.26)2.188 (1.02 to 4.693)0.0443
②+③1 (0.07)16 (0.06)1.737 (0.311 to 9.711)0.5293
②+④19 (1.31)117 (0.47)3.172 (1.953 to 5.149)<0.0001
③+④2 (0.14)11 (0.04)4.154 (1.004 to 17.197)0.0494
①+②+③2 (0.14)29 (0.12)1.62 (0.436 to 6.02)0.4717
①+②+④26 (1.79)139 (0.55)3.63 (2.384 to 5.529)<0.0001
①+③+④0 (0.00)4 (0.02)2.123 (0.081 to 55.711)0.6515
②+③+④1 (0.07)4 (0.02)6.392 (0.845 to 48.349)0.0723
①+②+③+④3 (0.21)42 (0.17)1.574 (0.522 to 4.745)0.4206