Table 2

Age-adjusted mean number of chronic condition (SE) and prevalence of multimorbidity across different sociodemographic covariates (N=9438)

40–60 yearsMore than 60 years
MenWomenMenWomen
Sociodemographic characteristicsWeighted % of sampleMean number of morbidities (SE)Prevalence % (95% CI)Mean number of morbidities (SE)Prevalence % (95% CI)Mean number of morbidities (SE)Prevalence % (95% CI)Mean number of morbidities (SE)Prevalence % (95% CI)
Location
 Rural57.80.8 (0.02)21.0 (18.9 to 23.1)1.2 (0.02)30.8 (28.5 to 33.1)1.3 (0.04)33.7 (29.9 to 37.5)1.6 (0.05)43.9 (40.0 to 47.8)
 Urban42.21.1 (0.02)29.1 (26.7 to 31.5)1.5 (0.03)41.1 (38.7 to 43.5)1.7 (0.06)47.4 (43.0 to 51.9)2.0 (0.06)58.3 (54.3 to 62.3)
Ethnicity
 Javanese53.50.9 (0.02)21.9 (19.7 to 24.0)1.3 (0.02)33.5 (31.1 to 35.9)1.3 (0.05)0.3 (30.7 to 38.9)1.7 (0.05)48.2 (44.1 to 52.3)
 Non-Javanese46.51.0 (0.02)27.7 (25.4 to 30.0)1.4 (0.30)37.6 (35.2 to 40.0)1.5 (0.05)43.3 (39.1 to 47.4)1.7 (0.05)50.8 (46.7 to 54.8)
Education
 Elementary education or less71.60.9 (0.02)20.7 (18.7 to 22.7)1.3 (0.02)33.7 (31.7 to 35.6)1.3 (0.04)35.0 (31.8 to 38.3)1.7 (0.04)48.0 (45.0 to 51.1)
 High school22.21.1 (0.03)28.3 (25.3 to 31.2)1.5 (0.04)41.1 (37.8 to 44.7)1.7 (0.08)51.8 (44.9 to 58.7)2.2 (0.15)62.4 (53.3 to 71.6)
 Graduate and above6.11.3 (0.07)35.9 (30.3 to 41.5)1.6 (0.08)47.6 (40.8 to 54.5)2.0 (0.21)58.7 (44.5 to 72.9)3.0 (0.52)76.8 (63.6 to 90.0)
Marital status
 Currently married81.01.0 (0.02)24.6 (23.0 to 26.2)1.3 (0.02)34.9 (33.0 to 36.8)1.4 (0.03)37.9 (34.8 to 41.0)1.7 (0.07)46.6 (41.6 to 51.6)
 Currently not married19.00.9 (0.07)23.0 (16.2 to 29.9)1.3 (0.04)36.4 (32.5 to 40.3)1.8 (0.12)45.0 (36.0 to 54.0)1.8 (0.04)51.0 (47.3 to 54.8)
Per capita expenditure
 Q1 (lowest)22.90.7 (0.03)15.5 (12.4 to 18.5)1.0 (0.04)28.3 (24.7 to 31.9)1.2 (0.06)29.9 (24.3 to 35.5)1.5 (0.07)41.2 (35.3 to 47.0)
 Q221.00.9 (0.04)23.3 (19.8 to 26.9)1.2 (0.04)29.7 (26.0 to 33.3)1.2 (0.07)31.7 (25.8 to 37.7)1.7 (0.08)47.7 (41.3 to 54.2)
 Q320.61.0 (0.04)24.7 (21.2 to 28.1)1.3 (0.04)35.1 (31.4 to 38.7)1.4 (0.08)37.1 (30.9 to 43.4)1.7 (0.08)50.0 (43.5 to 56.4)
 Q419.71.0 (0.04)26.0 (22.3 to 29.6)1.4 (0.05)39.1 (35.5 to 42.8)1.6 (0.08)47.3 (40.2 to 54.4)1.8 (0.08)51.7 (45.2 to 58.2)
 Q5 (highest)15.61.3 (0.05)34.0 (29.9 to 38.1)1.6 (0.05)46.6 (42.6 to 50.7)1.8 (0.09)58.7 (50.9 to 66.6)2.2 (0.11)61.2 (54.1 to 68.4)
Overall*1.0 (0.01)24.6 (23.0 to 26.1)1.3 (0.02)35.4 (33.8 to 37.1)1.4 (0.03)38.7 (35.8 to 41.7)1.7 (0.04)49.4 (46.5 to 52.3)
  • *Overall difference between men and women were significant at P value <0.001.