Table 3

Characteristics of the hospital trusts (N=31), overall and by the proportion of non-UK educated nurses (FENs)

Hospital trust group—trusts with
Characteristic (N (%))All trusts (N=31)High proportion of FENs
(N=13)
Middle proportion of FENs
(N=11)
Low proportion of FENs
(N=7)
p Value*
Technology
 High11 (35)6 (46)4 (36)1 (14)0.330
 Low20 (65)7 (54)7 (64)6 (86)
Hospital size
 Under 750 beds16 (52)3 (23)8 (73)5 (71)0.022
 750 beds or more15 (48)10 (77)3 (27)2 (29)
Teaching status
 Teaching hospital13 (42)7 (54)3 (27)3 (43)0.413
 Non-teaching hospital18 (58)6 (46)8 (73)4 (57)
Location
 London5 (16)5 (38)0 (0)0 (0)0.007
 Not London26 (84)8 (62)11 (100)7 (100)
Staffing
 <7 patients per nurse6 (19)4 (31)2 (18)0 (0)0.082
 7–8 patients per nurse15 (48)6 (46)7 (64)2 (29)
 >8 patients per nurse10 (32)3 (23)2 (18)5 (71)
Work environment
 Poor12 (39)5 (38)4 (36)3 (43)0.330
 Mixed8 (26)4 (31)1 (9)3 (43)
 Better11 (35)4 (31)6 (55)1 (14)
  • *p Values are based on χ2 tests. The abbreviation FEN (for foreign educated nurse) is used to denote non-UK educated nurses. Hospital trust groups were defined by the percentage of the registered nurses that were not UK educated, as follows: high≥20%; middle=5–20%; low≤5%.