Table 6

Logit models with maternal pregnancy history and other individual, household and community correlates of contraceptive use

Kenya (2008–2009)Uganda (2011)Tanzania (2010)Rwanda (2010)Burundi (2010)
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Pregnancy history: wanted (ref)
 Mistimed0.67**0.50 to 0.900.72**0.58 to 0.901.030.81 to 1.310.84*0.73 to 0.970.75*0.60 to 0.94
 Unwanted0.920.60 to 1.410.67*0.47 to 0.970.720.40 to 1.320.890.71 to 1.110.840.53 to 1.32
Maternal age: 15–19 (ref) (years)
 20–290.610.36 to 1.050.840.51 to 1.400.800.46 to 1.380.960.51 to 1.830.720.33 to 1.59
 30–390.42*0.21 to 0.830.610.34 to 1.110.880.46 to 1.661.170.61 to 2.250.920.40 to 2.10
 40–490.470.19 to 1.140.740.36 to 1.521.160.56 to 2.431.760.87 to 3.551.350.55 to 3.34
Desire for more children: no more (ref)
 Want more1.64**1.18 to 2.271.59***1.23 to 2.071.93***1.45 to 2.571.44***1.22 to 1.711.84***1.40 to 2.42
 Parity1.20***1.20 to 1.321.050.98 to 1.121.040.97 to 1.121.09***1.04 to 1.141.040.97 to 1.12
Maternal education: higher (ref)
 Secondary0.850.50 to 1.441.330.82 to 2.160.07**0.01 to 0.411.900.95 to 3.790.850.37 to 1.93
 Primary1.090.63 to 1.871.70*1.04 to 2.780.08**0.01 to 0.472.41*1.20 to 4.861.240.51 to 3.04
 No education1.190.53 to 2.712.89***1.60 to 5.220.10**0.02 to 0.582.73**1.33 to 5.601.540.62 to 3.78
Wealth index: richest (ref)
 Rich0.960.62 to 1.471.160.82 to 1.641.040.68 to 1.580.930.70 to 1.221.060.72 to 1.56
 Middle0.940.59 to 1.471.450.97 to 2.171.77*1.14 to 2.740.950.71 to 1.271.090.76 to 1.57
 Poor0.990.61 to 1.621.60*1.04 to 2.461.420.86 to 2.341.320.99 to 1.761.240.85 to 1.80
 Poorest2.16**1.28 to 3.662.74***1.73 to 4.332.05**1.24 to 3.391.51**1.14 to 2.011.56*1.06 to 2.31
Religion: Christian (ref)
 Muslim1.560.96 to 2.541.240.87 to 1.77NANA0.710.37 to 1.370.850.50 to 1.45
 Other2.82*1.18 to 6.742.100.80 to 5.53NANA0.750.43 to 1.280.51*0.31 to 0.86
Listened to radio: yes (ref)
 No1.35*1.03 to 1.771.120.87 to 1.451.38**1.09 to 1.741.27***1.10 to 1.481.220.99 to 1.50
Watched TV: yes (ref)
 No1.660.97 to 2.841.120.79 to 1.581.080.74 to 1.580.750.52 to 1.081.88*1.11 to 3.18
Read newspaper: yes (ref)
 No1.020.72 to 1.461.410.99 to 2.001.100.78 to 1.541.130.75 to 1.700.880.51 to 1.51
Healthcare decision-making: alone (ref)
 Not alone1.020.77 to 1.361.020.80 to 1.311.060.77 to 1.451.33**1.11 to 1.580.840.59 to 1.20
Residence: urban (ref)
 Rural1.350.89 to 2.061.070.77 to 1.510.860.63 to 1.180.940.68 to 1.311.53**1.12 to 2.09
Visited by FP worker: yes (ref)
 No0.950.63 to 1.431.170.86 to 1.591.160.74 to 1.851.130.98 to 1.311.260.85 to 1.87
Region (Kenya): Nairobi (ref)
 Western0.690.40 to 1.17
 Rift Valley1.200.73 to 1.98
 Nyanza1.680.98 to 2.90
 Eastern1.050.57 to 1.94
 Coast1.020.62 to 1.69
 Central0.580.32 to 1.05
 North Eastern3.35*1.15 to 9.74
Region: Kampala (ref)
 Western1.130.64 to 2.02
 West-Nile1.920.97 to 3.82
 Karamoja1.430.55 to 3.76
 North1.120.59 to 2.15
 Eastern1.430.77 to 2.64
 East Central1.270.71 to 2.27
 Central 21.660.94 to 2.96
 Central 11.610.91 to 2.85
 South West1.740.96 to 3.15
Region (Tanzania): Southern (ref)
 Zanzibar15.81***9.25 to 27.01
 Eastern3.05***1.88 to 4.93
 Lake13.00***7.94 to 21.29
 Southern Highlands2.99***1.84 to 4.87
 Central3.89***2.33 to 6.48
 Northern2.93***1.89 to 4.54
 Western9.79***6.14 to 15.63
Region: Kigali City (ref)
 North0.880.60 to 1.29
 West1.85**1.26 to 2.74
 South0.860.59 to 1.26
 East1.220.83 to 1.80
Region: Bujumbura (ref)
 West1.480.96 to 2.28
 Centre-East0.900.58 to 1.40
 North0.49***0.32 to 0.74
 South1.76*1.09 to 2.83
  • *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001;

  • FP, family planning; NA, data not available; TV, television.