Table 5

Logit models with maternal pregnancy history and other individual and household correlates of contraceptive use

Kenya (2008–2009)Uganda (2011)Tanzania (2010)Rwanda (2010)Burundi (2010)
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Pregnancy history: wanted (ref)
 Mistimed0.66**0.49 to 0.870.72**0.58 to 0.890.950.76 to 1.190.83*0.72 to 0.960.72**0.58 to 0.90
 Unwanted0.900.59 to 1.360.68*0.48 to 0.980.690.41 to 1.160.850.68 to 1.060.790.51 to 1.21
Maternal age: 15–19 (ref) (years)
 20–290.580.33 to 1.030.850.52 to 1.400.53*0.31 to 0.910.980.52 to 1.840.680.30 to 1.53
 30–390.38**0.19 to 0.750.620.35 to 1.120.40**0.22 to 0.741.130.60 to 2.150.820.35 to 1.92
 40–490.38*0.16 to 0.910.760.37 to 1.530.39**0.19 to 0.791.630.82 to 3.241.150.46 to 2.90
Desire for more children: no more (ref)
 Want more1.70***1.24 to 2.331.58***1.22 to 2.062.12***1.60 to 2.811.51***1.28 to 1.791.99***1.53 to 2.60
 Parity1.23***1.13 to 1.351.050.98 to 1.121.18***1.11 to 1.261.10***1.05 to 1.151.09*1.02 to 1.17
Maternal education: higher (ref)
 Secondary0.800.47 to 1.371.360.85 to 2.170.07**0.01 to 0.431.850.94 to 3.650.800.36 to 1.79
 Primary1.040.60 to 1.821.78*1.09 to 2.890.06**0.01 to 0.392.36*1.19 to 4.681.100.47 to 2.58
 No education1.280.56 to 2.912.99***1.67 to 5.360.09**0.01 to 0.512.82**1.39 to 5.721.320.56 to 3.13
Wealth index: richest (ref)
 Rich1.060.72 to 1.551.230.90 to 1.700.860.61 to 1.220.930.73 to 1.201.160.82 to 1.66
 Middle1.090.75 to 1.551.58*1.09 to 2.281.55*1.10 to 2.170.950.74 to 1.241.170.84 to 1.62
 Poor1.260.85 to 1.851.67**1.16 to 2.411.340.92 to 1.971.34*1.04 to 1.731.300.92 to 1.83
 Poorest2.88***1.86 to 4.442.83***1.91 to 4.181.60*1.08 to 2.381.47**1.13 to 1.911.48*1.05 to 2.09
Religion: Christian (ref)
 Muslim1.62*1.02 to 2.581.250.88 to 1.78NANA0.730.38 to 1.400.630.38 to 1.03
 Other2.49*1.05 to 5.901.860.70 to 4.93NANA0.770.46 to 1.280.40***0.24 to 0.68
Listened to radio: yes (ref)
 No1.45**1.11 to 1.901.120.87 to 1.451.220.98 to 1.531.31***1.13 to 1.521.28**1.04 to 1.58
Watched TV: yes (ref)
 No1.640.98 to 2.761.260.90 to 1.761.220.85 to 1.750.780.55 to 1.112.20**1.32 to 3.66
Read newspaper: yes (ref)
 No0.970.68 to 1.371.380.98 to 1.941.190.88 to 1.621.070.72 to 1.581.180.70 to 1.99
Healthcare decision-making: alone (ref)
 Not alone1.060.81 to 1.401.020.80 to 1.300.920.69 to 1.221.30**1.09 to 1.550.810.57 to 1.15
  • *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001.

  • FP, family planning; NA, data not available; TV, television.