Table 3

Drowning IRs by location, severity and gender, Queensland residents 0–19 years, 2002–2008

FatalAdmittedNot admitted†Fatal and non-fatal IR
TotalFemaleMaleRR (95% CI)‡
Pool0.655.041.637.31***↑5.768.741.52 (1.28 to 1.80)
Inland water0.450.970.391.81**↑1.412.251.60 (1.14 to 2.24)
Bath0.141.140.471.75↓1.971.540.78 (0.56 to 1.10)
Coastal0.130.560.841.53*↑1.412.251.04 (0.72 to 1.50)
Other man-made water0.130.090.080.30↓0.210.381.78 (0.76 to 4.20)
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; increases (↑); decreases (↓); or no change (←→) in drowning incidence over time.

  • †Not Admitted=non-fatal cases that did not require hospitalisation but were treated in emergency department or attended by ambulance with no further treatment.

  • ‡Reference category females.

  • IR, incidence rate; RR, relative risk.