Table 5

Drowning location IRs and RR of any drowning event by severity, stratified by year of age, Queensland, 2002–2008

Age (years)IR total drowningRR† of drowning event compared with 5–19 years (95% CI)RR† of hospital admission after drowning compared with 5–19 years (95% CI)RR‡ of fatal drowning compared with non-fatal drowning (95% CI)M:F ratio
Pool drowning (public and private))
 <14.812.36 (1.44 to 3.87)2.65 (1.47 to 4.77)0.59 (0.01 to 044)1:1.7
 134.8817.07 (13.31 to 21.88)18.55 (13.68 to 25.15)0.10 (0.06 to 0.019)1.4:1
 237.3418.26 (14.30 to 23.32)19.60 (14.51 to 26.48)0.14 (0.09 to 0.23)1.7:1
 329.7414.55 (11.23 to 18.84)15.46 (11.25 to 21.24)0.10 (0.05 to 0.19)2.1:1
 413.206.46 (4.63 to 9.00)8.01 (5.45 to 11.77)0.04 (0.01 to 0.18)1.8:1
 1–428.7829.12 (22.14 to 38.31)15.40 (11.99 to 19.78)0.11 (0.08 to 0.15)1.6:1
 5–92.04110.7 (0.04 to 0.15)1.7:1
Inland water (static and dynamic)
 <1 year1.070.78 (0.29 to 2.14)0.92 (0.28 to 2.97) np
 1–4 years3.722.73 (1.93 to 3.84)3.35 (2.11 to 5.33)0.31 (0.17 to 0.58)1.5:1
 0–43.182.34 (1.67 to 3.27)2.92 (1.86 to 4.60)np1.6:1
 5–191.36110.38 (0.23 to 0.62)1.2:1
Bath drowning
 <119.53143.26 (69.04 to 297.26)128.74 (50.17 to 325.78)0.07 (0.03 to 0.18)1:1
 19.1967.45 (31.23 to 145.70)79.35 (30.38 to 207.28)0.10 (0.03 to 0.32)1:1.3
 2–413.21 (5.82 to 30.0029.17.97 (6.63 to 48.71)0.05 (0.01 to 0.39)1:1
 0–46.8550.25 (24.60 to 102.67)52.55 (21.31 to 129.57)0.08 (0.4 to 0.15)1:1.1
 5–190.14110.33 (0.07 to 1.65)1:7
Coastal drowning (shoreline and offshore)
 1–41.350.84 (0.52 to 1.35)8.81 (4.01 to 19.35)0.05 (0.01 to 0.40)1:1
 5–191.62110.33 (0.07 to 1.65)1.3:1
  • F, female; IR, incidence rates quoted per 100 000 population per annum; M, male; np, not publishable due to small numbers; RR†, relative risk reference group 5–19 years; RR‡, relative risk reference group fatal (non-fatal is any drowning event—prehospital and admitted).