Table 1

Crude and adjusted ORs of chronic diseases in male physicians compared to female physicians (n=1426)

Male physicians vs female physicians
VariableCrude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Cardiovascular diseases
 Hypertension5.28*** (3.08 to 9.04)3.37*** (1.93 to 5.91)
 Ischaemic heart disease
 Hyperlipidaemia1.56* (1.08 to 2.26)1.18 (0.81 to 1.74)
 Congestive heart failure
 Cardiac arrhythmias1.70 (0.66 to 4.35)1.18 (0.45 to 3.12)
 Blood loss anaemia0.43 (0.04 to 4.74)0.51 (0.04 to 6.22)
 Peripheral vascular disorders
 Stroke2.83 (0.67 to 12.01)1.58 (0.36 to 6.98)
Neurological diseases
 Migraines0.40* (0.17 to 0.94)0.53 (0.22 to 1.30)
 Parkinson's disease
Rheumatologic diseases
 Rheumatoid arthritis0.47 (0.21 to 1.04)0.36* (0.15 to 0.86)
 Systemic lupus erythematosus
 Ankylosing spondylitis1.07 (0.13 to 9.23)1.57 (0.18 to 13.94)
Pulmonary diseases
 Pulmonary circulation disorders
 Chronic pulmonary disease1.04 (0.60 to 1.78)0.87 (0.49 to 1.52)
 Asthma1.13 (0.55 to 2.33)1.22 (0.58 to 2.57)
Endocrine diseases
 Diabetes, uncomplicated1.50 (0.81 to 2.80)0.76 (0.39 to 1.48)
 Diabetes, complicated0.77 (0.28 to 2.09)0.33* (0.11 to 0.98)
 Hypothyroidism0.23*** (0.14 to 0.39)0.19*** (0.11 to 0.32)
Renal diseases
 Renal failure1.29 (0.16 to 10.75)0.66 (0.07 to 5.99)
 Fluid and electrolyte disorders0.64 (0.13 to 3.20)0.62 (0.12 to 3.32)
Gastrointestinal diseases
 Liver diseases2.57*** (1.46 to 4.52)2.48** (1.39 to 4.41)
 Peptic ulcers0.83 (0.53 to 1.28)0.74 (0.47 to 1.18)
Viral/infectious diseases
 Hepatitis B or C1.84 (0.94 to 3.60)2.00* (1.01 to 3.97)
Haematological diseases
 Deficiency anaemias0.16 (0.08 to 0.32)0.13*** (0.06 to 0.27)
Mental illnesses
 Depression0.91 (0.30 to 2.73)0.81 (0.26 to 2.54)
 Psychoses0.57 (0.15 to 2.16)0.49 (0.12 to 1.99)
Oncological diseases
 Metastatic cancer0.86 (0.10 to 7.71)0.68 (0.07 to 6.61)
 Solid tumour without metastasis0.67 (0.27 to 1.71)0.40 (0.15 to 1.08)
Others
 Alcohol abuse
 Drug abuse
  • The adjusted ORs of morbidities for male physicians and female physicians were calculated by logistic regression analyses adjusted for participants’ age group and urbanisation level.

  • *p≤0.05, **p≤0.01, ***p≤0.001.