Table 2

Quotes from themes and subthemes

Quote (Q) numberQuotesThemesNewspaper information
1‘Michael Douglas did not say cunnilingus was the cause of his cancer. It was discussed that oral sex is a suspected cause of certain oral cancers…but he did not say it was the specific cause of his personal cancer.’Michael Douglas’ disclosureMailOnline, 4 June 2013
2‘Even with statements from his publicist denying he had put the blame on oral sex specifically, this genie is not going back in the bottle. And perhaps that’s a good thing.’Michael Douglas’ disclosureThe Telegraph, 4 June 2013
3‘Oral sex can lead to mouth cancer, according to new research.’Riskiness of oral sexBirmingham Post, 26 February 2004
4‘What is most strongly linked to oral HPV infection is the number of sexual partners someone has had in their lifetimes, in particular the number of individuals on whom they have performed oral sex.’Riskiness of oral sexThe Guardian, 21 February 2011
5‘A US study showed about 10 per cent of men aged 14 to 69 have an oral HPV infection, compared with 3.6 per cent of women. Because HPV-related oral cancer is twice as common in men as in women, cunnilingus is considered riskier than fellatio.’Riskiness of oral sexLondon Evening Standard, 4 June 2013
6‘Without wanting to get too specific, this particular cancer is caused by HPV, which actually comes about from cunnilingus…But yeah, it’s a sexually transmitted disease that causes cancer. And if you have it, cunnilingus is also the best cure for it.’Riskiness of oral sexThe Times, 5 June 2013
7‘If you have an ulcer that doesn’t heal after three weeks, see your dentist or doctor.’Health information: symptomsDaily Mirror, 28 March 2008
8‘Just a few strains cause problems, but one in particular, HPV-16, is known to cause cell changes which could develop into cancer.’Health information: information about HPVMailOnline, 16 March 2012
9‘Given that subgroups of people with HPV-related H&N [head and neck] cancers display excellent survival, these patients may in future be offered less aggressive treatment…’Health information: diagnosis and treatmentThe Western Mail, 25 February 2013
10‘Men are advised to check their neck for lumps when shaving and both sexes to look at the back of their throat while brushing their teeth.’Health information: symptomsMailOnline, 13 November 2013
11‘HPV is really, really common—to the point that if you’re a sexually active adult, you’ve probably had it. By the age of 25, 90% of sexually active people will have been exposed to some form of genital HPV.’Health information: the high prevalence of HPVThe Guardian, 2 June 2013
12‘Increased recovery rates among this kind of cancer sufferer. This would help explain why Douglas was given an 80% chance of survival, despite the advanced stage of his illness.’Health information: better prognosis and survivalThe Guardian, 2 June 2013
13‘In Britain, the number of mouth and throat cancers have increased by 40 per cent in just a decade.’Health information: the incidence of oral cancerMailOnline, 3 June 2013
14‘Treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery are often more successful in mouth and throat cancers caused by the virus than those caused by tobacco and alcohol.’Health information: better prognosis and survivalMailOnline, 16 July 2013
15‘These striking results provide some evidence that HPV16 infection may be a significant cause of oropharyngeal cancer.’Health information: HPV causes oral cancerThe Times, 26 July 2013
16‘Mouth cancer survival rates of about 50% haven’t changed in decades, but if the disease is caught early patients can have a 90% chance of a cure.’Health information: diagnosis and treatmentDaily Mirror, 28 February 2014
17Professor Maura Gillison—‘The time has come to have a more thorough discussion about the potential benefits of HPV vaccines in boys … When my patients ask whether they should vaccinate their sons [with the HPV vaccine], I say ‘certainly’. The vaccine will protect them against genital warts and anal cancer and—as a potential by-product of that—it may protect them against oral cancer caused by HPV … The time has come to consider offering the HPV vaccine to boys.’HPV vaccination for boysThe Independent, 21 February 2011
18Professor Margaret Stanley—‘it is not ethical, fair or socially responsible to have a public-health policy that forces men to rely on herd immunity, which won’t be reached for decades.’HPV vaccination for boysMailOnline, 3 June 2013
19‘We [Department of Health] recognise that the current vaccination programme does not offer protection against HPV-related cancers for gay men.’HPV vaccination for boysThe Independent, 2 February 2014
20‘Campaigners are calling for boys to have the jab too in order to stem the “catastrophic rise” in cancers.’HPV vaccination for boysDaily Mirror, 28 February 2014
  • To avoid repetition, none of the quotes included in the text are included in the table.