Table 3

Comparison of functional and dependency scores between diagnostic groups

ParameterABI (n=4182)SCI (n=506)Peripheral (n=282)Progressive (n=769)One-way ANOVA*
Mean95% CIMean95% CIMean95% CIMean95% CIFp Value
UK FIM+FAMBetween groups
Admission
 Motor50.149.2 to 51.057.155.2 to 58.951.248.6 to 54.052.851.0 to 54.411.2<0.001
 Cognitive50.750.0 to 54.186.285.1 to 87.381.879.9 to 83.674.272.7 to 75.6582.5<0.001
 Total100.899.3 to 102.3143.3140.7 to 145.8133.0129.2 to 136.9127.0124.2 to 129.6201.5<0.001
Discharge
 Motor74.073.0 to 74.981.279.3 to 83.385.082.0 to 87.864.362.3 to 66.249.5<0.001
 Cognitive66.465.6 to 67.190.788.9 to 91.590.389.0 to 91.578.977.6 to 80.3255.3<0.001
 Total140.4138.7 to 141.9171.9169.5 to 174.5175.3171.6 to 178.9143.2140.2 to 146.091.8<0.001
Change
 Motor23.923.2 to 24.524.122.5 to 25.733.831.2 to 36.711.510.5 to 12.597.7<0.001
 Cognitive15.715.2 to 16.24.53.8 to 5.38.67.4 to 9.84.74.0 to 5.3202.3<0.001
 Total39.638.6 to 40.628.626.7 to 30.642.339.2 to 45.916.114.8 to 17.5134.3<0.001
FIM efficiency0.440.42 to 0.460.430.39 to 0.470.540.49 to 0.610.290.26 to 0.3322.0<0.001
FIM+FAM efficiency0.710.69 to 0.740.590.54 to 0.650.770.70 to 0.870.440.39 to 0.4827.8<0.001
NPDS/NPCNA
Admission
 NPDS total score32.231.7 to 32.824.223.0 to 25.427.726.0 to 29.426.625.5 to 27.749.0<0.001
 Care hours/week45.444.9 to 46.039.838.2 to 41.344.642.2 to 4,6743.141.6 to 44.513.9<0.001
 Care costs£1667£1641 to £1695£1228£1152 to £1302£1452£1336 to £1561£1345£1278 to £141546.6<0.001
Discharge
 NPDS total score21.320.7 to 21.814.313.3 to 15.313.412.0 to 14.921.119.9 to 22.239.7<0.001
 Care hours/week32.431.8 to 33.124.222.6 to 25.822.720.4 to 24.935.533.9 to 37.051.1<0.001
 Care costs£1152£1123 to £1181£733£667 to £795£684£587 to £774£1057£986 to £112140.6<0.001
Change
 NPDS total score−11.0−11.4 to −10.6−9.9−10.9 to −8.9−14.3−15.8 to −12.7−5.5−6.2 to −4.848.8<0.001
 Care hours/week−13.0−13.5 to −12.5−15.6−17.0 to −14.1−21.9−24.2 to −19.8−7.6−8.6 to −6.752.2<0.001
 Care costs−£515−£541 to −£490−£495−£566 to £424−£767−£870 to £656−£289−£342 to £23725.3<0.001
Time to offset costs of rehabilitation (months)19.214.6 to 24.220.913.0 to 29.819.611.6 to 28.08.51.8 to 14.21.50.225
  • *Bootstrap results based on 1000 bootstrap samples.

  • ABI, acquired brain injury; ANOVA, analysis of variance; FIM, Functional Independence Measure; FIM+FAM, UK Functional Assessment Measure; NPDS, Northwick Park Dependency Score; NPCNA, Northwick Park Care Needs Assessment; SCI, spinal cord injury.