Table 1

Characteristics of the participants with a unilateral DELC, with bilateral DELCs and without a DELC

CharacteristicWith a unilateral DELC (n=91)With bilateral DELCs (n=298)Without a DELC (n=169)Statistical parameterp Value
Age (years)62.69±9.2166.88±9.9858.41±9.5541.3920.000
Sex (male/female)74/17223/75105/6413.2840.001
Smoking status (yes/no)39/52100/19852/1173.9670.138
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.13 (3.49 to 4.89)4.02 (3.39 to 4.84)4.08 (3.39 to 4.79)0.3490.840
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.50 (1.20 to 2.15)1.51 (1.11 to 2.09)1.39 (1.04 to 2.11)2.8260.243
Glucose (mmol/L)5.34 (4.81 to 6.19)5.27 (4.72 to 6.24)5.17 (4.78 to 5.93)1.1560.561
HDL-c (mmol/L)0.99 (0.88 to 1.17)1.00 (0.84 to 1.17)1.01 (0.88 to 1.19)1.2980.523
LDL-c (mmol/L)2.63±0.822.59±0.822.55±0.780.3150.730
SBP (mm Hg)128 (120 to 145)130 (120 to 144)127 (120 to 138)8.0200.018
DBP (mm Hg)75 (70 to 82)75 (70 to 84)78 (70 to 81)0.9700.616
CHD (yes/no)77/14268/30100/6964.7810.000
Gensini scores31.00 (8.00 to 57.00)35.00 (16.00 to 68.00)10.00 (2.00 to 33.50)54.0990.000
  • CHD, coronary heart disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DELC, diagonal earlobe crease; HDL-c, fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c, fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure.