Table 2

Characteristics of the participants with and without DELCs

CharacteristicWith DELC (n=389)Without DELC (n=169)T or Z or χ2 testp Value
Age (years)65.89±9.9558.41±9.55−8.2710.000
Sex (male/female)297/92105/6411.8270.001
Smoking status (yes/no)139/25052/1171.2890.256
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.05 (3.43 to 4.85)4.08 (3.39 to 4.79)−0.3140.754
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.51 (1.13 to 2.11)1.39 (1.04 to 2.11)−1.6480.099
Glucose (mmol/L)5.27 (4.74 to 6.24)5.17 (4.78 to 5.93)−0.8750.382
HDL-c (mmol/L)0.99 (0.85 to 1.17)1.01 (0.88 to 1.19)−1.1030.270
LDL-c (mmol/L)2.61±0.812.55±0.78−0.7300.466
SBP (mm Hg)130 (120 to 144)127 (120 to 138)−2.6000.009
DBP (mm Hg)75 (70 to 84)78 (70 to 81)−0.5800.562
CHD (yes/no)345/44100/6963.5600.000
Gensini scores34.00 (14.25 to 65.00)10.00 (2.00 to 33.50)−7.2730.000
  • CHD, coronary heart disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DELC, diagonal earlobe crease; HDL-c, fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c, fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure.