Table 3

Characteristics of the participants with and without CHD

CharacteristicWith CHD (n=445)Without CHD (n=113)T or Z or χ2 testp Value
Age (years)64.07±10.5961.89±9.51−2.0020.046
Sex (male/female)346/9956/5735.5690.000
Smoking status (yes/no)166/27925/889.2230.002
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.07 (3.43 to 4.85)3.97 (3.25 to 4.77)−0.9790.328
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.45 (1.12 to 2.08)1.56 (1.09 to 2.17)−0.6080.543
Glucose (mmol/L)5.28 (4.78 to 6.29)5.14 (4.63 to 5.73)−2.2110.027
HDL-c (mmol/L)0.99 (0.85 to 1.17)1.02 (0.88 to 1.25)−1.5790.114
LDL-c (mmol/L)2.62±0.812.47±0.75−1.8360.067
SBP (mm Hg)130 (120 to 143)125 (120 to 138)−2.0080.045
DBP (mm Hg)76 (70 to 84)75 (70 to 80)−0.7590.448
DELC (0/1/2)100/77/26869/14/3064.7810.000
DELC (no/yes)100/34569/4463.5600.000
Gensini scores36.00 (20.00 to 68.00)2.00 (0.00 to 3.00)−15.8180.000
  • CHD, coronary heart disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DELC, diagonal earlobe crease; HDL-c, fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c, fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure.