Table 1

Baseline participant characteristics by study group

Near-limits abortionFirst-trimester abortion*Turnaway- birth*Turnaway-no- births*Totalp Value†
 Age, year, mean±SD24.9±5.925.9±5.7‡23.5±5.6‡24.5±6.224.9±5.8<0.001
 Race/ethnicity, %0.059
 Highest level of education, %0.313
  Less than high school1916242019
  High school or GED3431342633
  Some college, associates or technical school4042364640
  College degree711688
 Employed, %5463‡39‡4854<0.001
 Marital status, %0.396
Pregnancy-related characteristics
 Gestational age, weeks, mean±SD19.9±4.17.8±2.4‡23.4±3.4‡19.2±4.0‡17.0±7.0<0.001
 Parity, %0.226
  0 previous births3438474038
  1 previous birth3023212826
  2 previous births1820172019
  3 or more previous births1818151217
History of abuse, sexual assault, intimate partner violence and substance use, %
 Child/abuse neglect27272614260.197
 History of sexual assault or rape21232118210.646
 Experienced physical or psychological violence from an intimate partner in the past year23241712220.121
 Any illicit drug use before discovering pregnancy1317148140.219
 Problem alcohol use before discovering pregnancy4771060.215
Mental health
 History of depression or anxiety disorder24302130260.230
 PTSD screen, mean±SD, %0.85±1.260.92±1.320.86±1.240.98±1.450.88±1.280.848
  0 symptoms (not at risk)6260606261
  1–2 symptoms (not at risk)2323242023
  3–4 symptoms (at risk)15171718160.990
  • *When compared to Near-limits abortion group.

  • †Global comparison test.

  • ‡p<0.05.There were no missing responses for any of the variables presented, except for reports on problem alcohol use which had three missing responses.

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.