Table 2

Age-adjusted differences (95% CIs) in baseline characteristics between individuals with and without diabetes, by sex and diabetes type

WomenMen
ΔType I diabetesΔType II diabetesΔType I diabetesΔType II diabetes
Weight (kg)2.84 (1.41 to 4.27)12.40 (12.11 to 12.69)1.05 (−0.25 to 2.35)9.33 (9.08 to 9.58)
Waist circumference (cm)3.11 (1.86 to 4.36)13.63 (13.38 to 13.88)2.17 (1.16 to 3.18)8.92 (8.73 to 9.12)
Hip (cm)1.84 (0.79 to 2.89)7.92 (7.71 to 8.14)1.25 (0.57 to 1.94)4.24 (4.11 to 4.38)
BMI (kg/m2)0.93 (0.41 to 1.45)5.17 (5.07 to 5.28)0.62 (0.24 to 1.00)3.34 (3.26 to 3.41)
Waist-to-hip ratio0.014 (0.007 to 0.021)0.065 (0.064 to 0.067)0.009 (0.003 to 0.014)0.046 (0.045 to 0.047)
Body fat (%)0.04 (−0.66 to 0.74)4.68 (4.54 to 4.82)−0.70 (−1.23 to −0.17)3.65 (3.55 to 3.75)
  • Type I diabetes was defined as an age at diagnosis <30 years, and using insulin. All other participants with a self-reported history of diabetes were classified as type II diabetes.

  • BMI, body mass index.