Table 3

Subgroup analyses of women minus men difference in age-adjusted differences (95% CIs) in waist circumference and BMI associated with type I diabetes

Type I diabetes
Age at baseline (years)<55≥55
 Waist circumference (cm)2.56 (0.24 to 4.88)1.10 (−1.14 to 3.34)
 BMI (kg/m2)0.91 (−0.05 to 1.87)0.40 (−0.48 to 1.29)
Socioeconomic statusHigher SESLower SES
 Waist circumference (cm)0.47 (−1.81 to 2.75)0.95 (−1.31 to 3.20)
 BMI (kg/m2)0.35 (−0.55 to 1.25)0.11 (−0.82 to 1.04)
Time since diagnosis (years)<30≥30
 Waist circumference (cm)1.74 (−1.39 to 4.87)0.60 (−1.24 to 2.44)
 BMI (kg/m2)0.78 (−0.47 to 2.04)0.09 (−0.65 to 0.83)
Age at diagnosis (years)<18≥18
 Waist circumference (cm)0.98 (−1.38 to 3.33)0.84 (−1.30 to 2.99)
 BMI (kg/m2)0.21 (0.73 to 1.16)0.31 (−0.55 to 1.18)
Ethnic backgroundWhiteMixed or non-white
 Waist circumference (cm)0.92 (−0.73 to 2.58)0.77 (−6.02 to 7.55)
 BMI (kg/m2)0.27 (−0.39 to 0.94)0.89 (−2.01 to 3.79)
  • Type I diabetes was defined as an age at diagnosis <30 years, and using insulin.

  • BMI, body mass index.