Table 2

Clinical variables of participants with complete data at all three time points

NBaselineOne-year follow-upFive-year follow-up
Clinical characteristics
 BMI (kg/m²)38332.4 (5.6)31.8 (5.1)31.9 (5.4)
 Waist circumference (cm)383109.9 (13.0)108.6 (12.8)107.9 (13.6)
 HbA1c (%), mean (SD)3877.1 (1.4)6.6 (0.9)6.9 (0.9)
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)396136.8 (19.7)130.2(17.7)132.2 (16.4)
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)39680.7 (10.6)76.4 (9.5)73.9 (9.8)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)3904.9 (1.06)4.3 (0.8)4.2 (0.9)
 HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)3901.2 (0.3)1.2 (0.3)1.3 (0.3)
 LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)3902.9 (0.9)2.3 (0.7)2.1 (0.7)
  • Values are mean (SD).

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.