Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of ‘Vancouver At Home’ participants by consent status at enrolment visit

VariableEntire sample (n=497) n (%)/mean (SD)Eligible sample* (n=433) n (%)/mean (SD)Not eligible sample† (n=64) n (%)/mean (SD)P Value‡
Age at randomisation (in years)40.8 (11.0)40.8 (11.0)41.4 (11.0)0.682
Age of first homelessness (in years)30.3 (13.3)30.1 (13.4)31.9 (12.6)0.301
Female134 (27)112 (26)22 (34)0.165
Ethnicity
 Aboriginal77 (16)70 (16)7 (11)0.054
 White280 (56)235 (54)45 (70)
 Other140 (28)128 (30)12 (19)
Incomplete high school280 (57)247 (57)33 (52)0.376
Single/never married343 (70)293 (68)50 (79)0.071
Lifetime duration of homelessness (in months)60.2 (70.3)58.3 (64.8)72.9 (99.8)0.124
Longest episode of homelessness (in months)30.9 (40.1)30.4 (39.5)34.1 (44.4)0.498
Less severe cluster of mental disorders264 (53)235 (54)29 (45)0.180
Severe cluster of mental disorders§363 (73)311 (72)52 (81)0.113
Suicidality (high)87 (17)79 (18)8 (12)0.259
Substance dependence288 (58)252 (58)36 (56)0.768
Daily substance use143 (29)131 (30)12 (19)0.064
Mental health severity/CSI score (per unit)37.2 (12.5)37.4 (12.5)35.8 (12.9)0.371
Chronic medical conditions (3 or more)344 (69)305 (70)39 (61)0.124
Blood-borne infectious disease (HIV, hepatitis B or C)157 (32)139 (32)18 (29)0.603
  • *Of 497 participants, 433 provided consent to access administrative health data and were linkable to health records.

  • †Of 64 participants, 60 did not consent to access administrative health data and 4 provided consent, but were unlinkable to health records.

  • ‡p Values based on comparisons of characteristics between eligible participants and non-eligible participants in the entire sample.

  • §Includes schizophrenia, bipolar disorders and mood disorder with psychotic features.