Table 4

Associations of the changes in the occupational, financial and personal situation after the reunification with cardiovascular risk factors in men and women

Occupational situationFinancial situationPersonal situation
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
CrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjusted
RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)
Hypertension
 Improvement111111111111
 No change1.06 (0.98 to 1.15)0.99 (0.92 to 1.07)1.06 (0.98 to 1.15)0.99 (0.92 to 1.07)1.10 (1.02 to 1.18)1.08 (1.06 to 1.16)1.12 (0.99 to 1.27)1.08 (0.97 to 1.20)1.04 (0.93 to 1.18)1.06 (0.94 to 1.19)1.12 (0.91 to 1.36)1.02 (0.85 to 1.21)
 Deterioration1.08 (1.003 to 1.17)1.06 (0.98 to 1.14)1.08 (1.003 to 1.17)1.06 (0.98 to 1.14)1.07 (0.99 to 1.16)1.11 (1.02 to 1.20)1.16 (1.01 to 1.29)1.19 (1.06 to 1.34)1.02 (0.89 to 1.16)1.06 (0.94 to 1.21)1.12 (0.91 to 1.40)1.08 (0.87 to 1.33)
Smoking
 Improvement111111111111
 No change1.01 (0.94 to 1.08)0.99 (0.93 to 1.06)1.01 (0.94 to 1.08)0.99 (0.93 to 1.06)1.09 (1.03 to 1.15)1.05 (0.99 to 1.12)1.12 (1.00 to 1.24)1.11 (1.01 to 1.24)0.98 (0.90 to 1.07)0.98 (0.90 to 1.07)0.92 (0.79 to 1.08)1.01 (0.86 to 1.17)
 Deterioration1.11 (1.05 to 1.18)1.09 (1.03 to 1.16)1.11 (1.05 to 1.18)1.09 (1.03 to 1.16)1.15 (1.08 to 1.22)1.11 (1.04 to 1.18)1.27 (1.14 to 1.41)1.24 (1.12 to 1.38)0.97 (0.89 to 1.07)0.96 (0.88 to 1.06)0.98 (0.82 to 1.17)1.02 (0.86 to 1.21)
Diabetes
 Improvement111111111111
 No change1.23 (0.84 to 1.80)1.02 (0.70 to 1.49)1.23 (0.84 to 1.80)1.02 (0.70 to 1.49)1.09 (0.77 to 1.56)1.06 (0.75 to 1.51)1.12 (1.00 to 1.24)1.11 (1.01 to 1.24)0.85 (0.51 to 1.42)0.90 (0.55 to 1.48)0.76 (0.43 to 1.33)0.82 (0.47 to 1.45)
 Deterioration1.20 (0.83 to 1.74)1.20 (0.83 to 1.73)1.20 (0.83 to 1.74)1.20 (0.83 to 1.73)1.29 (0.89 to 1.88)1.45 (1.01 to 2.11)1.27 (1.14 to 1.41)1.24 (1.12 to 1.38)0.97 (0.56 to 1.67)1.12 (0.65 to 1.94)0.75 (0.39 to 1.45)0.81 (0.32 to 1.16)
High-risk drinking
 Improvement111111111111
 No change1.01 (0.84 to 1.21)1.06 (0.88 to 1.28)0.90 (0.85 to 1.40)0.95 (0.61 to 1.48)1.05 (0.88 to 1.25)1.06 (0.89 to 1.27)0.65 0.42 to 1.020.72 (0.45 to 1.13)0.84 (0.66 to 10.7)0.84 0.66 to 1.070.66 0.39 to 1.120.69 (0.41 to 1.18)
 Deterioration0.96 (0.80 to 1.15)0.97 (0.81 to 1.17)1.05 (0.69 to 1.591.17 0.76 to 1.811.08 (0.88 to 131)1.04 (0.85 to 1.27)0.83 (0.55 to 1.27)0.90 (0.59 to 1.38)0.83 (0.63 to 7.080.79 0.60 to 1.030.74 0.40 to 1.360.79 (0.43 to 1.46)
Depressive disorders
 Improvement111111111111
 No change0.69 (0.42 to 1.15)0.73 (0.44 to 1.21)0.89 (0.66 to 1.19)0.97 (0.72 to 1.29)0.84 (0.54 to 1.30)0.89 (0.56 to 1.42)1.02 (0.77 to 1.32)1.02 (0.78 to 1.35)0.67 (0.37 to 1.18)0.71 (0.40 to 1.25)0.93 (0.62 to 1.41)1.02 (0.67 to 1.56)
 Deterioration1.77 (1.20 to 2.61)1.85 (1.24 to 2.77)1.19 (0.92 to 1.55)1.23 (0.94 to 1.60)1.85 (1.27 to 2.68)1.83 (1.24 to 2.89)1.29 (1.01 to 1.67)1.32 (1.02 to 1.70)1.52 (0.85 to 2.72)1.51 (0.85 to 2.56)1.65 (1.07 to 2.54)1.67 (1.08 to 2.59)
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI) β (95% CI)β (95% CI) β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CÌ)
BMI
 Improvement000000000000
 No change0.51 (0.0 to 0.92)0.30 (−0.10 to 0.71)0.43 (−0.17 to 0.71)−0.03 (−0.61 to 0.53)0.28 (−0.11 to 0.68)0.18 (−0.21 to 0.58)0.87 (0.32 to 1.43)0.61 (0.09 to 1.14)0.20 (−0.41 to 0.82)0.24 (−0.36 to 0.86)0.63 (−0.24 to 1.51)0.39 (−0.43 to 1.22)
 Deterioration1.18 (0.74 to 1.62)1.02 (0.58 to 1.45)1.63 (1.02 to 2.24)1.17 (0.58 to 1.76)0.73 (0.25 to 1.20)0.75 (0.28 to 1.23)1.55 (0.93 to 2.16)1.34 (0.74 to 1.94)0.31 (−0.40 to 1.03)0.50 (−0.20 to 1.21)1.00 (−0.03 to 2.05)0.81 (−0.17 to 1.80)
Cholesterol mg/dL
 Improvement000000000000
 No change3.34 (−1.43 to 8.11)3.65 (−1.05 to 8.3)0.44 (−0.70 to 964)1.82 (−3.08 to 6.74)5.60 (1.00 to 10.20)5.24 (0.68 to 9.79)2.52 (−2.40 to 7.45)1.81 (−2.88 to 6.51)2.69 (−4.36 to 9.75)5.62 (−1.26 to 12.52)2.09 (−5.37 to 9.57)2.34 (−4.63 to 9.31)
 Deterioration8.96 (3.94 to 13.99)7.65 (2.70 to 12.61)11.25 (6.21 to 16.2)7.83 (3.06 to 12.60)8.62 (3.18 to 14.05)8.93 (3.52 to 14.35)7.19 (2.11 to 12.26)6.88 (2.02 to 11.74)5.24 (−2.9 to 13.46)7.74 (−0.44 to 15.93)1.32 (−6.98 to 9.64)1.18 (−6.89 to 9.26)
  • Adjusted by education, study, age; ‘improvement’=reference group.

  • High-risk drinking: >30 g alcohol per day for men, >20 g alcohol per day for women.

  • BMI, body mass index.