Introduction Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) is a severe stroke subtype. The effective therapies for patients with sICH are still unclear, and the role of surgical treatment in sICH management is still controversial. Although some large trials did not show that surgery could benefit patients with sICH, some other studies suggested that some specific surgical strategies can have potential benefits to these patients. For a better understanding of the surgical treatment in patients with sICH, it is necessary to conduct a network meta-analysis to compare the effects of medical treatment and different surgical methods comprehensively.
Methods and analysis This protocol has been reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols. Related studies until August 2018 will be searched in the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP and Wanfang. Randomised controlled trials and non-randomised prospective studies comparing at least two different interventions in patients with sICH will be included. Quality assessment will be conducted using Cochrane Collaboration’s tool or Newcastle-Ottawa Scale based on their study designs. The primary outcome will be functional outcome and the secondary outcome will be mortality. Pairwise and network meta-analysis will be conducted using STATA V.14 (StataCorp, College Station, Texas, USA). Mean ranks and the surface under the cumulative ranking curve will be used to evaluate every intervention. Statistical inconsistency assessment, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias assessment will be performed.
Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval is not necessary because this study will be based on publications. The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.
PROSPERO registration number CRD42018112239
- spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage
- network meta-analysis
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Contributors ZY, JZ and HL are responsible for the conception of the study. ZY, JZ, LM and HL designed this protocol. ZY and JZ tested the feasibility of this protocol. ZY, JZ and LM wrote the original draft. RG, CY and HL revised the draft.
Funding This work was supported by Outstanding Subject Development 135 Project of West China Hospital, Sichuan University grant number ZY2016102 and National Natural Science Foundation of China grant number 81801186.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Not required.