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Does binge drinking between the age of 18 and 25 years predict alcohol dependence in adulthood? A retrospective case–control study in France
  1. Marie-Pierre Tavolacci1,
  2. Quentin Berthon2,
  3. Damiano Cerasuolo3,
  4. Pierre Dechelotte4,
  5. Joel Ladner5,
  6. Alexandre Baguet6
  1. 1 CIC 1404 and INSERM 1073, Rouen University Hospital and Rouen Normandy University, Rouen, France
  2. 2 Department of Addictology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
  3. 3 Clinical Investigation Center 1404, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
  4. 4 Department of Nutrition and INSERM 1073, Rouen University Hospital and Rouen Normandy University, Rouen, France
  5. 5 Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion and INSERM 1073, Rouen University Hospital and Rouen Normandy University, Rouen, France
  6. 6 Department of Addictology and INSERM 1073, Rouen University Hospital and Rouen Normandy University, Rouen, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Marie-Pierre Tavolacci; marie-pierre.tavolacci{at}chu-rouen.fr

Footnotes

  • Contributors Designed the research (project conception, development of overall research plan and study oversight): M-PT, AB, JL, PD. Conducted the research (hands-on conduct of the experiments and data collection): M-PT, AB, DC, QB. Analysed the data or performed statistical analysis: M-PT. Wrote the paper (only authors who made a major contribution): M-PT, AB. Had primary responsibility for final content: M-PT.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The study design has been approved by the ’Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertes' (the French Electronic Data Protection Authority) (declaration number 1945778) and Rouen University Hospital’s Institutional Review Board without mandatory informed consent.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement All available data can be obtained by contacting the corresponding author.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors Designed the research (project conception, development of overall research plan and study oversight): M-PT, AB, JL, PD. Conducted the research (hands-on conduct of the experiments and data collection): M-PT, AB, DC, QB. Analysed the data or performed statistical analysis: M-PT. Wrote the paper (only authors who made a major contribution): M-PT, AB. Had primary responsibility for final content: M-PT.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The study design has been approved by the ’Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertes' (the French Electronic Data Protection Authority) (declaration number 1945778) and Rouen University Hospital’s Institutional Review Board without mandatory informed consent.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement All available data can be obtained by contacting the corresponding author.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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