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Does the ethnic density effect extend to obesity? A cross-sectional study of 415 166 adults in east London
  1. Shailen Sutaria,
  2. Rohini Mathur,
  3. Sally A Hull
  1. Clinical Effectiveness Group, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sally A Hull; s.a.hull{at}qmul.ac.uk

Footnotes

  • Contributors SH designed the study. SS extracted relevant data from electronic health records. SS and RM conducted statistical analysis, and all authors contributed to data interpretation and revising drafts produced by SS. All authors had full access to all the data collected, have checked for accuracy and have approved the final version of this manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer This article presents independent research. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the Health Foundation or the University. The depiction of boundaries on the map(s) in this article do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of BMJ (or any member of its group) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, jurisdiction or area or of its authorities. The map(s) are provided without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethical approval was not required as patient-level data are anonymised and aggregated patient data are reported in this study. All GPs in the participating east London practices consented to the use of their anonymised patient data for research and development for patient benefit.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

  • Author note SS is the guarantor of the report. SS affirms that the manuscript is an honest, accurate and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted and that any discrepancies from the study as planned have been explained.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Map disclaimer Article contains map figures. Please include below disclaimer in the endnotes. The depiction of boundaries on the map(s) in this article do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of BMJ (or any member of its group) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, jurisdiction or area or of its authorities. The map(s) are provided without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors SH designed the study. SS extracted relevant data from electronic health records. SS and RM conducted statistical analysis, and all authors contributed to data interpretation and revising drafts produced by SS. All authors had full access to all the data collected, have checked for accuracy and have approved the final version of this manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer This article presents independent research. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the Health Foundation or the University. The depiction of boundaries on the map(s) in this article do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of BMJ (or any member of its group) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, jurisdiction or area or of its authorities. The map(s) are provided without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethical approval was not required as patient-level data are anonymised and aggregated patient data are reported in this study. All GPs in the participating east London practices consented to the use of their anonymised patient data for research and development for patient benefit.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

  • Author note SS is the guarantor of the report. SS affirms that the manuscript is an honest, accurate and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted and that any discrepancies from the study as planned have been explained.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Map disclaimer Article contains map figures. Please include below disclaimer in the endnotes. The depiction of boundaries on the map(s) in this article do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of BMJ (or any member of its group) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, jurisdiction or area or of its authorities. The map(s) are provided without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied.

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