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Acceptance, adherence and dropout rates of individuals with COPD approached in telehealth interventions: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis
  1. Saeed Mardy Alghamdi1,2,
  2. Tania Janaudis-Ferreira1,3,
  3. Rehab Alhasani1,4,5,
  4. Sara Ahmed1,3,4
  1. 1 School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  2. 2 Department of Respiratory Care, Umm Al-Qura University College of Applied Sciences, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  3. 3 Center for Outcome Research and Evaluation (CORE), McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  4. 4 Research Center, Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en réadaptation, Centre de Réadaptation Constance-Lethbridge, CIUSSS du Centre-Ouest-de-d’île-de-Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  5. 5 College Of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sara Ahmed; sara.ahmed{at}


Introduction Telehealth interventions have the potential of improving exacerbation and health outcomes for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by delivering care in between clinical visits. However, the precise impact on avoiding exacerbation and reducing the incidence of hospital readmissions remains inconclusive. This lack of knowledge on the effectiveness of telehealth for COPD care might be due to non-adherence or partial adherence to intervention programmes and/or the withdrawal of participants over the course of previous studies.

Objectives To conduct a systematic review of trials of telehealth interventions (including randomised control trials (RCT), crossover and pre-post studies) to: (1) estimate the acceptance, adherence and dropout rates; (2) identify the reasons for dropout from telehealth interventions among individuals with COPD; (3) evaluate the impact of trial-related, sociodemographic and intervention-related factors on the acceptance, adherence and dropout rates and (4) estimate the extent to which the acceptance, adherence and dropout rates impact outcomes in comparison with usual monitoring.

Methods and analysis A systematic literature review of four databases from earliest records to November 2018 will be carried out using CINAHL, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Library and Embase. Randomised and non-randomised control studies will be included, in addition to crossover and pre-studies post-studies comparing telehealth with standard monitoring among individuals with COPD only. Two independent reviewers will screen all relevant abstracts and full-text studies to determine eligibility, assess the risk of bias and extract the data using structured forms. If the included studies are sufficiently homogenous in terms of interventions, populations and objectives, a meta-analysis will be performed.

Ethics and dissemination Ethical considerations are not required for this research.

Trial registration number CRD42017078541.

  • systematic review
  • meta-analysis
  • telemonitoring
  • telehealth
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • COPD

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  • Contributors SMA, SA, TF-J and RA developed the idea and designed the study protocol. SMA, SA designed and wrote the search strategy and the first protocol draft. SMA, SA and RA planned the data extraction and statistical analysis. SA, TF-J, RA provided critical insights. All authors have approved and contributed to the final written manuscript.

  • Funding The main author disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article. This study was supported by a scholarship from Umm Al Qura University in Saudi Arabia, Sara Ahmed and Tania Janaudis-Ferreira are supported by Fonds de recherche Santé (FRQS) career award.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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