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Media framing of childhood obesity: a content analysis of UK newspapers from 1996 to 2014
  1. Amy Nimegeer,
  2. Chris Patterson,
  3. Shona Hilton
  1. MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Amy Nimegeer; Amy.Nimegeer{at}glasgow.ac.uk

Abstract

Background Media can influence public and policy-makers’ perceptions of causes of, and solutions to, public health issues through selective presentation and framing. Childhood obesity is a health issue with both individual-level and societal-level drivers and solutions, but public opinion and mass media representations of obesity have typically focused on individual-level framings, at the cost of acknowledgement of a need for regulatory action.

Objective and setting To understand the salience and framing of childhood obesity across 19 years of UK national newspaper content.

Design and outcome measures Quantitative content analysis of 757 articles about childhood obesity obtained from six daily and five Sunday newspapers. Articles were coded manually for definitions, drivers and potential solutions. Data were analysed statistically, including analysis of time trends and variations by political alignment of source.

Results The frequency of articles grew from a low of two in 1996 to a peak of 82 in 2008, before declining to 40 in 2010. Individual-level drivers (59.8%) and solutions (36.5%) were mentioned more frequently than societal-level drivers (28.3%) and solutions (28.3%) across the sample, but societal solutions were mentioned more frequently during the final 8 years, coinciding with a marked decline in yearly frequency of articles.

Conclusions Increased focus on societal solutions aligns with public health goals, but coincided with a reduction in the issue’s salience in the media. Those advocating public policy solutions to childhood obesity may benefit from seeking to raise the issue’s media profile while continuing to promote structural conceptualisations of childhood obesity.

  • obesity
  • children
  • media
  • content analysis

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Footnotes

  • Contributors SH, CP and AN: study planning and conceptualisation; AN and CP: data coding; AN and CP: data analysis; AN and CP: drafting manuscript; SH: critical review of the manuscript.

  • Funding AN, CP and SH’s time for this research was funded by the Informing Healthy Public Policy programme (MC_UU_12017-15 and SPHSU15) of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow.

  • Disclaimer The funding bodies had no role in the design, collection, analysis or interpretation of this study.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Data were accessed from the Nexis newspaper database at https://www.nexis.com.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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