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Women’s health-related vulnerabilities in natural disasters: a systematic review protocol
  1. Syadani Riyad Fatema1,2,
  2. Md. Shahidul Islam1,
  3. Leah East1,
  4. Kim Usher1
  1. 1Health, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2Sociology, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Noakhali, Bangladesh
  1. Correspondence to Syadani Riyad Fatema; sriyadfa{at}


Introduction There is a paucity of evidence identifying both the physical and psychological health risks and underlying causes of women’s health-related vulnerabilities related to natural disasters. Therefore, this systematic review will be conducted to determine the impact of natural disasters on women’s health from a global perspective.

Methods and analysis Five electronic databases of health research, including ProQuest, ProQuest Health and Medicine, PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL, will be searched to retrieve relevant literature where Medical Subject Headings terms and keywords will be used depending on the search method of each database. Google Scholar will also be searched for preliminary information on the topic and to check for further evidence that may have been missed. Inclusion and exclusion criteria will be developed and refined by the research team. We will restrict our search for empirical full-text articles published in the English language peer-reviewed journals between July 2008 and June 2018 to ensure contemporary evidence is retrieved. Two authors will participate in each step in the process, including title, abstract and full-text screening against inclusion criteria, data extraction and quality appraisal. The quality of selected studies will be assessed using the Mixed Method Appraisal Tool. Data synthesis will follow a sequential explanatory approach. Finally, the quantitative and qualitative findings will be merged under themes and described using a narrative approach.

Ethics and dissemination Formal ethical approval is not required as primary data will not be collected. The results will be published in an international peer-reviewed journal and presented at national and international conferences.

PROSPERO registration number CRD42019123809.

  • systematic review protocol
  • women
  • health
  • vulnerability
  • natural disaster

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:

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  • Contributors SRF was responsible for drafting the protocol and registering it in PROSPERO. MSI, LE and KU made substantive contributions to the protocol. They significantly contributed towards the development of search strategy, inclusion/exclusion criteria, selection of the appropriate study design, methods and tools. All authors read, revised and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The first author is in receipt of an International Postgraduate Research Student Scholarship from the University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval This study involves analysis of data from published studies publicly available without directly involve human participants; hence no ethical approval is required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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