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The use of information and communication technologies to promote healthy lifestyle behaviour: a systematic scoping review
  1. Elizabeth Musili Joseph-Shehu1,2,
  2. Busisiwe Purity Ncama1,
  3. Nomaxabiso Mooi1,
  4. Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson1
  1. 1 Nursing, University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  2. 2 Nursing Science, National Open University of Nigeria, Jabi, Abuja, Nigeria
  1. Correspondence to Dr Elizabeth Musili Joseph-Shehu; ejoseph-shehu{at}noun.edu.ng

Abstract

Introduction Health-promoting lifestyle behaviours are part of the activities of daily living that influence individual happiness, values and well-being. They play a crucial role in prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among all age groups. Current statistics on mortality, disability and morbidity associated with NCDs are alarming globally. The use of information and communication technology (ICT) for a health-promoting lifestyle behaviour programme enhances health behaviours that are important in the prevention and control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. Our study aimed to map evidence on the use of ICT in comprehensive health-promoting lifestyle behaviour among healthy adults.

Methods Eleven electronic databases were searched for the study. We included studies published in English between January 2007 and December 2018 reporting on healthy adults, ICT and any subscales of the health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLP). Studies focusing on diseases or disease management and studies that combine monitoring tools in the form of hardware (accelerometer or pedometer) with ICT or computer games were excluded. Data were summarised numerically and thematically.

Results All the studies reviewed were conducted in developed countries. Most of the studies reported on physical activity, and findings of one study covered all the subscales of HPLP. The use of ICT for health-promoting lifestyle behaviours was reported to be effective in ensuring health behaviours that can improve physical and mental health.

Conclusion Our findings showed that there is a dearth of knowledge on comprehensive health-promoting lifestyle behaviour that can be beneficial for the control and prevention of NCDs. There is a need to carry out primary studies on the use of ICT and comprehensive health-promoting lifestyle, especially among adults in low-income and middle-income countries where there are alarming statistics for mortality and disability associated with NCDs.

PROSPERO registration number CRD42016042568.

  • health-promoting lifestyle behaviour
  • nutrition
  • physical activity
  • health responsibility
  • stress management
  • interpersonal relationship
  • self-actualisation
  • information and communication technology
  • healthy adults
  • systematic scoping review

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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Footnotes

  • Collaborators Ncama BP, Mooi N, Mashamba-Thompson TP.

  • Contributors Dr EMJ-S conceptualised, designed the protocol and prepared the draft of the manuscript under the supervision of Professor BPN. Ms NM and Dr TPMT contributed to the methodology and data collection. All authors critically reviewed the draft version of the manuscript and gave approval for submission.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

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