Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Life satisfaction, job satisfaction, life orientation and occupational burnout among nurses and midwives in medical institutions in Poland: a cross-sectional study
  1. Izabella Uchmanowicz1,
  2. Stanisław Manulik2,
  3. Katarzyna Lomper1,
  4. Anna Rozensztrauch3,
  5. Agnieszka Zborowska1,
  6. Jolanta Kolasińska1,
  7. Joanna Rosińczuk2
  1. 1 Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
  2. 2 Department of Nervous System Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
  3. 3 Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
  1. Correspondence to Professor Izabella Uchmanowicz; izabella.uchmanowicz{at}


Objectives To assess life satisfaction, job satisfaction, life orientation and the level of professional burnout in a group of professionally active nurses and midwives.

Design A cross-sectional study.

Setting This study was conducted between March and October of 2017 during specialisation training at the European Centre for Postgraduate Education in Wroclaw, Poland.

Participants A group of 350 professionally active nurses (n=293) and midwives (n=57) were enrolled in the study.

Outcome measures Associations between burnout and selected life-related and job-related outcomes using (1) the Satisfaction With Job Scale, (2) the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), (3) the Life Orientation Test-Revised, (4) the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Authors’ Designed Questionnaire regarding sociodemographic factors. The level of statistical significance was set at p≤0.05 (with a CI of 95%).

Results The vast majority of participants were those in the ages of 41–50 years old (40.57%), women (96.86%) and people with bachelor’s degree (46.29%). The average overall rate for occupational burnout was 34.67 per 100 points. Assessment of occupational burnout subscale showed that the most significant factor was emotional exhaustion at 39.14 points (SD=28.15). Job satisfaction, life satisfaction and life orientation assessed with SWLS significantly affects each of the occupational burnout subscales (p<0.05).

Conclusions The level of occupational burnout in nurses and midwives appeared to be low. It has been revealed that such determinants as life satisfaction, job satisfaction and life orientation do not allow for developing an occupational burnout.

  • burnout syndrome
  • burnout components
  • cross-sectional study
  • health-care providers
  • job satisfaction
  • life satisfaction

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Contributors IU, KL, AR and JR planned the study. IU and JR supervised the study. SM, KL and AR analysed the data. IU, AZ-D and JK drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed substantially to its revision. IU takes responsibility for the paper as a whole. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding That study was conducted under a research project funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland as part of a statutory grant of the Wroclaw Medical University for maintaining research potential (no.ST.E020.17.050).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The study was approved by the Independent Bioethics Committee of the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings described in this manuscript is fully available to all interested researchers upon request.