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Physical activities and influencing factors among public health nurses: a cross-sectional study
  1. Miao-Ling Lin1,2,
  2. Joh-Jong Huang3,
  3. Hung-Yi Chuang4,
  4. Hsiu-Min Tsai5,
  5. Hsiu-Hung Wang1
  1. 1 College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  2. 2 Long-Term Care Division, Department of Health, Kaohsiung City Government, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  3. 3 Graduate Institute of Gender Studies, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  4. 4 Department of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  5. 5 Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  1. Correspondence to Professor Hsiu-Hung Wang; hhwang{at}


Objectives Public health nurses are responsible for promoting and managing the health of community members, and if they do not have enough physical activity or ignore their own health, not only will their own health decline but the quality of life of the public will also be affected. This study investigated the physical activity of public health nurses and analysed the effects of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and behavioural intention to engage in physical activity.

Methods This study adopted a cross-sectional research design, and convenience sampling was used to select the research subjects. 198 public health nurses were invited to participate, and 172 completed the questionnaire. Multiple linear regression was used to analyse the influencing factors of physical activity intention and physical activity.

Results Attitudes towards physical activity and perceived behavioural control of physical activity affected physical activity intention. When they had higher behavioural intention, their physical activity behaviour also improved. The physical activity intention significantly influenced the number of days that they had engaged in vigorous physical activity (95% CI 0.1786 to 0.3060, p<0.0001), and significantly influenced the number of days that they walked daily for 10 min (95% CI 0.2158 to 0.4144, p<0.0001), and also significantly influenced their daily sedentary time (95% CI −0.3020 to 0.0560, p=0.0046).

Conclusions Encouraging public health nurses to heed their own health and motivating them to engage in physical activity warrants attention from policy-makers and government health agencies.

  • public health nurses
  • physical activity
  • theory of planned behavior
  • behavioral intention

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  • Contributors M-LL and H-HW made primary contributions to the design, conduct, analysis and interpretation of the research. J-JH and H-YC contributed to the study design, data analysis plan and interpretation of the results. H-MT and H-HW contributed to the conduct of the research and interpretation of the results. All authors reviewed the manuscript and had full access to all data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data.

  • Funding This study was funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST 104-2314-B-037 -045 -MY3).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiartic Hospital Institutional Review Board (IRB No KSPH-2015-26).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data are available.

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