Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Coproduction of healthcare service with immigrant patients: protocol of a scoping review
  1. Christina Radl-Karimi1,
  2. Anne Nicolaisen1,
  3. Morten Sodemann2,
  4. Paul Batalden3,
  5. Christian von Plessen1
  1. 1 Centre for Quality, Region of Southern Denmark, Middelfart, Denmark
  2. 2 Migrant Health Clinic, Department of Infectious Diseases Q, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
  3. 3 The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
  1. Correspondence to Christina Radl-Karimi; crk{at}


Introduction Immigrant patients often meet barriers to patient-centred healthcare in their new host countries. Given the heterogeneity of patients from ethnic minorities, established strategies for patient centredness might not work in their case. The concept of coproduction provides a new perspective on how to collaboratively create the highest possible value for both the patient and the healthcare system. The concept acknowledges that all service is coproduced and directs attention to the relationship between patient and care provider. Coproduction is still a new concept in healthcare and its use with vulnerable groups of patients requires further study. This protocol outlines a scoping review to be conducted on the current knowledge on coproduction of service by immigrants and their service providers in the healthcare sector.

Methods and analysis We will use Joanna Briggs methodology for scoping reviews. The data will stem from the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Ovid EMBASE, EBSCO CINAHL, EBSCO PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and Web of Science. We will also screen the websites of national authorities and research organisations for publications and review the literature lists of the identified articles for relevant references. We will include all types of literature on coproduction of healthcare or social service by immigrants and service providers, including their relationship with one another, communication and collaboration. Two reviewers will independently screen eligible publications and extract data using a checklist developed for this scoping review.

Ethics and dissemination The results of the study will provide an innovative perspective on the coproduction of value in healthcare service by immigrant patients and care providers. We will present the results at national and international conferences, seminars and other events with relevant stakeholders and immigrant patients, and publish them in a peer-reviewed journal.

  • co-production
  • immigrants
  • patient-provider relationship
  • cross-cultural communication
  • collaborative health

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributors CR-K drafted the protocol. AN, PB and MS helped conceptualise the research, and reviewed and edited the protocol. CvP obtained funding, conceptualised the research and reviewed and edited the protocol.

  • Funding This study is financed by the Center for Quality in the Region of Southern Denmark and the Department of Regional Health Research at the University of Southern Denmark.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data available.