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Quality of life, loneliness and health-related characteristics among older people in Liaoning province, China: a cross-sectional study
  1. Yaxin Zhu1,
  2. Jie Liu2,
  3. Bo Qu2,
  4. Zhe Yi3
  1. 1 Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China
  2. 2 Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China
  3. 3 Department of Prothodontics, School of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Zhe Yi; zheyi_2000{at}


Objectives The aim of the study was to examine the relations among quality of life (QOL), loneliness and health-related characteristics in a sample of Chinese older people.

Design Cross-sectional study.

Setting Communities in Dandong city, Liaoning province, China.

Participants Sample of 732 older people aged 60 and older who were living in Dandong, Liaoning province, China.

Methods A questionnaire was administered to the participants face-to-face. The questionnaire contained four sections: demographic characteristics, health-related characteristics, the EQ-5D Scale and the UCLA Loneliness Scale. The t-test, F-test and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to individually test associations between the demographic data, health-related characteristics, loneliness and QOL.

Results Chronic diseases, loneliness, age and smoking status were negatively associated with QOL (p<0.05). Satisfaction with health services, income and physical activity were positively associated with QOL (p<0.05).

Conclusions Loneliness, chronic diseases and health service satisfaction were important factors related to low QOL among older people in China. The findings indicate that reducing loneliness, managing chronic diseases and improving the health service may help to improve the QOL for older people.

  • quality of life
  • loneliness
  • older people

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  • BQ and ZY contributed equally.

  • Contributors YZ wrote the manuscript. YZ and JL participated in the data collection and analysis. ZY collected the data. ZY and BQ designed the study and revised the manuscript. BQ obtained funding. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, grant number 71473269 and 71673301.

  • Disclaimer The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Ethics approval Ethical protocol was obtained from the Bioethics Advisory Commission of China Medical University. All participants provided written informed consent before participating in the study.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional unpublished data.

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