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Evaluation of foot health related quality of life in individuals with foot problems by gender: a cross-sectional comparative analysis study
  1. Daniel López-López1,
  2. Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo2,
  3. Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias3,
  4. Patricia Palomo-López4,
  5. David Rodríguez-Sanz2,5,
  6. Juan Manuel Brandariz-Pereira1,
  7. César Calvo-Lobo6
  1. 1 Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, Ferrol, A Coruña, Spain
  2. 2 Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3 Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
  4. 4 University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, Plasencia, Cáceres, Spain
  5. 5 Faculty of Sports Sciences, European University of Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain
  6. 6 Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Patricia Palomo-López; patibiom{at}


Objective Foot problems (FP) may be considered to be a prevalent conditions in people but there is limited evidence of their effect on the quality of life (QoL) related to foot health in men and women. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of FPs on both overall foot health and QoL, stratified by gender.

Design A cross sectional study.

Setting Clinic of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery at University of A Coruña in the city of Ferrol (Spain).

Subjects The sample consisted of 1647 participants with FP; the total population of the sample had a mean age of 43.24±19.89 years, with mean ages 44.09±21.36 years and 42.94±19.34 years for men and women, respectively.

Methods Measurement of sociodemographic characteristics include age, sex and body mass index. The Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) was used to evaluate the general health and foot health. Differences between groups were evaluated by means of a t-test for independent samples.

Results Women with FP showed significantly lower scores in the domains of Foot Pain, Foot Function, Footwear, General Foot Health, Physical Activity and Vigour, and there was no difference compared with men in the domains of Overall Health and Social Capacity.

Conclusions Women with FP present a negative impact on QoL related to foot health as compared with men except in the domains of Overall Health and Social Capacity, which appears to be associated with the presence of foot conditions.

  • foot
  • foot deformities
  • foot diseases
  • musculoskeletal diseases
  • quality of life

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  • DL-L, RB--B-V, MEL-I, PP-L, DR-S, JMB-P and CC-L contributed equally.

  • Contributors DL-L, MEL-I, RB-de-B-V, PP-L, DR-S, CC-L, JMB-P conceived and designed the study. DL-L, MEL-I and RB-de-B-V analysed and interpreted the data. DL-L, MEL-I, RB-de-B-V, PP-L, DR-S, CC-L, JMB-P drafted the manuscript and all authors contributed to the revisions of the manuscript and approved the final draft for submission.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Research and Ethics Committee of A Coruña University (Spain), file number CE 38/2012.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The data set supporting the conclusions of this article is available with DL-L at

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