Effects of changes in eating speed on obesity in patients with diabetes: a secondary analysis of longitudinal health check-up data
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    Physicians have been urging people to eat slowly since the 17th century
    • Martin Hofmeister, Nutrition Scientist (Dr. oec. troph.) Consumer Centre of the German Federal State of Bavaria, Department Food and Nutrition, Germany

    Dear Editor,

    I congratulate Yumi Hurst and Haruhisa Fukuda for their very good "eating speed" study in the January 2018 issue of the BMJ Open, which I absolutely support [1]. It is poorly known that first reports on the potential significant association between eating speed and obesity in children and adults have been published more than 40 years ago [2-3]. The evidence-based data on this obesogenic relationship are becoming more and more [4-12]. In the word meal the term time is included. We should take our time for the meal. And we should grind the food, not devour it. Since the 17th century, German physicians have repeatedly referred to this essential and modifiable lifestyle factor in numerous medical writings [13].

    Christoph Schorer (1618-1671): „One should not devour food, as if one were on the run or hunt, but to do something finicky, and let him have a love for it, sometimes even pause for a while, until the meal has settled down.” [14]

    Johann Georg Krünitz (1728-1796): „Those who eat slowly and chew well can expect the benefit of complete digestion. But those are constantly martyred with indigestibility and their terrible consequences, which swallow down the food quickly, and chew only half.“ [15]

    Johann August Unzer (1727-1799): „A general remark should be added, namely, that the habit of farmers eating slowly, and chewing food carefully, diminishes infinitely the dangers of an evil order of life, and one can safely believe t...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.