Aim Survival after cardiac arrest (CA) depends on the time-critical interventions summarised in the chain of survival –identification and alarming, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), defibrillation (if appropriate), and standardised post-arrest care. Voluntary, population based CA-registries have indicated significant improvements in survival associated with improved performance. Systematic improvement is based on repeated cycles of; measure to identify weakness, interventions to improve, and measure again to verify changes and effects. Strengthening CA-registries by making CA a mandatory reportable disease enables implementation.
Methods Norway has a population of ~5.2 million. The Norwegian Cardiac Arrest Registry (NorCAR) restarted in 2013 with mandatory reporting in collaboration with Norwegian Cardiovascular Disease Registry. We measured “coverage” as the percentage of the Norwegian population served by the reporting EMS, and report incidence and survival rates per 100 000 person-years.
Results Out of the 19 EMS health trusts in Norway, the number reporting to NorCAR (coverage) increased from 8 (47%) in 2013, to 17 (92%) in 2015, and by 2017 all EMS health trust are reporting. Incidence rates of ambulance-treated CA have increased: 41, 44, 48, and 51. Thirty-day survival rates from all-cause out-of-hospital CA in 2013, 2014, and 2015 were: 7.7 (19%), 5.9 (14%), 7.3 (15%), respectively. For first 2/3 of 2016 numbers are 6.8 (13%).
Conclusion Establishing mandatory reporting is valuable when creating a population based registry. Regional variations inspire further work to improve reporting and quality. Close involvement of the local registrars and feeding back the results to local EMS are our main strategies.
Conflict of interest None declared.
Funding None declared.
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