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“It is merely a paper tiger.” Battle for increased tobacco advertising regulation in Indonesia: content analysis of news articles
  1. Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti1,2,3,
  2. Becky Freeman1,2
  1. 1 School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2 Preventive Research Collaboration (PRC), Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  3. 3 School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti; past4344{at}


Objective At the end of 2012, the Indonesian government enacted tobacco control regulation (PP 109/2012) that included stricter tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) controls. The PP did not ban all forms of TAPS and generated a great deal of media interest from both supporters and detractors. This study aims to analyse stakeholder arguments regarding the adoption and implementation of the regulation as presented through news media converge.

Design Content analysis of 213 news articles reporting on TAPS and the PP that were available from the Factiva database and the Google News search engine.

Setting Indonesia, 24 December 2012–29 February 2016.

Methods Arguments presented in the news article about the adoption and implementation of the PP were coded into 10 supportive and 9 opposed categories. The news actors presenting the arguments were also recorded. Kappa statistic were calculated for intercoder reliability.

Results Of the 213 relevant news articles, 202 included stakeholder arguments, with a total of 436 arguments coded across the articles. More than two-thirds, 69% (301) of arguments were in support of the regulation, and of those, 32.6% (98) agreed that the implementation should be enhanced. Of 135 opposed arguments, the three most common were the potential decrease in government revenue at 26.7% (36), disadvantage to the tobacco industry at 18.5% (25) and concern for tobacco farmers and workers welfare at 11.1% (15). The majority of the in support arguments were made by national government, tobacco control advocates and journalists, while the tobacco industry made most opposing arguments.

Conclusions Analysing the arguments and news actors provides a mapping of support and opposition to an essential tobacco control policy instrument. Advocates, especially in a fragmented and expansive geographic area like Indonesia, can use these findings to enhance local tobacco control efforts.

  • tobacco control
  • news analysis
  • taps
  • regulation

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  • Contributors PASA was involved in design and conception of the study, gathering and analysing the data, drafting and editing the manuscript. BF was involved in design and conception of the study, drafting and editing the manuscript and providing qualitative expertise.

  • Funding PASA received scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP) for her PhD.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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