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Measuring ability to assess claims about treatment effects: the development of the ‘Claim Evaluation Tools’
  1. Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren1,
  2. Daniel Semakula2,
  3. Allen Nsangi2,
  4. Andrew David Oxman1,
  5. Iain Chalmers3,
  6. Sarah Rosenbaum1,
  7. Øystein Guttersrud4
  8. The IHC Group
    1. 1Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    2. 2Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda
    3. 3James Lind Initiative, Oxford, UK
    4. 4Norwegian Centre for Science Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    1. Correspondence to Dr Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren; astrid.austvoll-dahlgren{at}fhi.no

    Footnotes

    • Collaborators The IHC Group: Leila Cusack, Claire Glenton, Tammy Hoffmann, Margaret Kaseje, Simon Lewin, Leah Atieno Marende, Angela Morrelli, Michael Mugisha, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Kjetil Olsen, Matthew Oxman, Nelson K Sewamkambo, Anne Marie Uwitonze.

    • Contributors AA-D, ØG and AO wrote the protocol and the IHC group provided comments on the protocol. AA-D coordinated all of the development and evaluation process with support from AO. AA-D, DS, AN, IC, AO and MO drafted the items with input from the IHC group. AA-D, IC and AO were responsible for revising the items iteratively, based on the feedback received through the different processes. SR and AA-D were responsible for the format designs. AA-D and KO approached the IHC advisory group and other methodologists for feedback. AN, DS, LC, AA-D, MO, SR, TH and MK conducted the interviews with end-users. AN, DS, KO, LAM, MM, MK, NS, AMU and AA-D were involved in pilots and administrative tests in Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda and Norway, respectively. AA-D analysed the data from the pilots. AA-D authored this manuscript with significant input from the rest of the IHC group.

    • Funding The IHC project is funded in part by the Research Council of Norway-GLOBVAC project 220603.

    • Competing interests None declared.

    • Ethics approval Ethical approval was sought by the IHC project representatives in each country.

    • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

    • Data sharing statement All data are published as part of this study. All Claim Evaluation Tools are available on request for non-commercial use.

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    Footnotes

    • Collaborators The IHC Group: Leila Cusack, Claire Glenton, Tammy Hoffmann, Margaret Kaseje, Simon Lewin, Leah Atieno Marende, Angela Morrelli, Michael Mugisha, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Kjetil Olsen, Matthew Oxman, Nelson K Sewamkambo, Anne Marie Uwitonze.

    • Contributors AA-D, ØG and AO wrote the protocol and the IHC group provided comments on the protocol. AA-D coordinated all of the development and evaluation process with support from AO. AA-D, DS, AN, IC, AO and MO drafted the items with input from the IHC group. AA-D, IC and AO were responsible for revising the items iteratively, based on the feedback received through the different processes. SR and AA-D were responsible for the format designs. AA-D and KO approached the IHC advisory group and other methodologists for feedback. AN, DS, LC, AA-D, MO, SR, TH and MK conducted the interviews with end-users. AN, DS, KO, LAM, MM, MK, NS, AMU and AA-D were involved in pilots and administrative tests in Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda and Norway, respectively. AA-D analysed the data from the pilots. AA-D authored this manuscript with significant input from the rest of the IHC group.

    • Funding The IHC project is funded in part by the Research Council of Norway-GLOBVAC project 220603.

    • Competing interests None declared.

    • Ethics approval Ethical approval was sought by the IHC project representatives in each country.

    • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

    • Data sharing statement All data are published as part of this study. All Claim Evaluation Tools are available on request for non-commercial use.

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