Objectives Implementation studies are often poorly reported and indexed, reducing their potential to inform the provision of healthcare services. The Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) initiative aims to develop guidelines for transparent and accurate reporting of implementation studies.
Methods An international working group developed the StaRI guideline informed by a systematic literature review and e-Delphi prioritisation exercise. Following a face-to-face meeting, the checklist was developed iteratively by email discussion and critical review by international experts.
Results The 27 items of the checklist are applicable to the broad range of study designs employed in implementation science. A key concept is the dual strands, represented as 2 columns in the checklist, describing, on the one hand, the implementation strategy and, on the other, the clinical, healthcare or public health intervention being implemented. This explanation and elaboration document details each of the items, explains the rationale and provides examples of good reporting practice.
Conclusions Previously published reporting statements have been instrumental in improving reporting standards; adoption by journals and authors may achieve a similar improvement in the reporting of implementation strategies that will facilitate translation of effective interventions into routine practice.
- Dissemination and implementation research
- EQUATOR Network
- Implementation Science
- Reporting standards
- Organisational innovation
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Collaborators The StaRI Group includes: MB, CRC, Peter Craig, SE, Eleni Epiphaniou, GG, JR-M, PM, Brian Mittman, EM, AP, Gemma Pearce, HP, AS and SJCT.
Contributors HP initiated the idea for the study and with SJCT led the development of the protocol, securing of funding, study administration, workshop and writing of the paper. AS, CJG and SE advised on the development of the protocol, and data analysis. All authors participated in the StaRI international working group along with GP, BM and MG. HP wrote the initial draft of the paper, to which all the authors contributed. HP is the study guarantor.
Funding The StaRI initiative and workshop was funded by contributions from the Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research (AC-2012-01); Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorates (PCRCA_08_01); the Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Queen Mary University of London; and with contributions in kind from the PRISMS team (NIHR HS&DR Grant ref: 11/1014/04). SJCT was (in part) supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) North Thames at Bart's Health NHS Trust. AS is supported by the Farr Institute.
Disclaimer The funding bodies had no role in the design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; nor in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.
Competing interests All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf and declare: research grants from Chief Scientist Office (HP), Asthma UK (AS, HP, SJCT), Farr Institute (AS), NIHR HS&DR (HP, SJCT), NIHR CLAHRC (SJCT) for the submitted work; no financial relationships with any organisations that might have an interest in the submitted work in the previous 3 years; CRC is the Deputy Editor-in-Chief for Academic Emergency Medicine and on the editorial boards for the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society and Annals of Internal Medicine's ACP Journal Club and serves as paid faculty for Emergency Medical Abstracts, JR-M is the Director of the NIHR HS&DR Programme, no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data sharing statement No additional data are available.
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