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Incidence, duration and cost of futile treatment in end-of-life hospital admissions to three Australian public-sector tertiary hospitals: a retrospective multicentre cohort study
  1. Hannah E Carter1,
  2. Sarah Winch2,
  3. Adrian G Barnett1,
  4. Malcolm Parker2,
  5. Cindy Gallois3,
  6. Lindy Willmott4,
  7. Ben P White4,
  8. Mary Anne Patton2,
  9. Letitia Burridge2,
  10. Gayle Salkield2,
  11. Eliana Close4,
  12. Leonie Callaway2,
  13. Nicholas Graves1
  1. 1Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
  2. 2Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
  3. 3School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
  4. 4Australian Centre for Health Law Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Nicholas Graves; n.graves{at}qut.edu.au

Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work. MP, LB, GS and SW acquired the data. HEC, AGB and NG analysed the data. BPW, LW, LC, CG and MP interpreted the data. HEC and NG drafted the manuscript and all authors critically revised it for intellectual content. All authors gave final approval and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Funding This research was funded by the Australian Research Council Linkage (project number LP121000096).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Multisite ethics approval for all three hospitals from the Metro South Hospital and Health Service Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number HREC/13/QPAH/651. Also obtained administrative approval from The University of Queensland Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number 2014000909 and Queensland University of Technology University Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number 1400000541. Public Health Act approval from the Office of the Director General at the Queensland Department of Health (allows access of confidential information, given the patients were deceased and so could not consent), approval number RD005108.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The full dataset used, which has no identifying information, is available from the corresponding author.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work. MP, LB, GS and SW acquired the data. HEC, AGB and NG analysed the data. BPW, LW, LC, CG and MP interpreted the data. HEC and NG drafted the manuscript and all authors critically revised it for intellectual content. All authors gave final approval and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Funding This research was funded by the Australian Research Council Linkage (project number LP121000096).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Multisite ethics approval for all three hospitals from the Metro South Hospital and Health Service Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number HREC/13/QPAH/651. Also obtained administrative approval from The University of Queensland Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number 2014000909 and Queensland University of Technology University Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number 1400000541. Public Health Act approval from the Office of the Director General at the Queensland Department of Health (allows access of confidential information, given the patients were deceased and so could not consent), approval number RD005108.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The full dataset used, which has no identifying information, is available from the corresponding author.

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