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Identifying patients with advanced chronic conditions for a progressive palliative care approach: a cross-sectional study of prognostic indicators related to end-of-life trajectories
  1. J Amblàs-Novellas1,2,
  2. S A Murray3,
  3. J Espaulella1,2,
  4. J C Martori4,
  5. R Oller4,
  6. M Martinez-Muñoz5,
  7. N Molist1,2,
  8. C Blay2,6,
  9. X Gómez-Batiste2,7
  1. 1Geriatric and Palliative Care Department, Hospital Universitari de la Santa Creu/Hospital Universitari de Vic, Barcelona, Spain
  2. 2Department of Palliative Care, University of Vic, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3St Columba's Hospice Chair of Primary Palliative Care, Primary Palliative Care Research Group, The Usher Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  4. 4Data Analysis and Modeling Research Group, Department of Economics and Business, University of Vic, Barcelona, Spain
  5. 5Unit of Research Management, Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain
  6. 6Programme for the Prevention and Care of Patients with Chronic Conditions, Department of Health, Government of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain
  7. 7The Qualy Observatory, WHO Collaborating Centre for Palliative Care Public Health Programs (WHOCC), Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jordi Amblàs-Novellas; jordiamblas{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objectives 2 innovative concepts have lately been developed to radically improve the care of patients with advanced chronic conditions (PACC): early identification of palliative care (PC) needs and the 3 end-of-life trajectories in chronic illnesses (acute, intermittent and gradual dwindling). It is not clear (1) what indicators work best for this early identification and (2) if specific clinical indicators exist for each of these trajectories. The objectives of this study are to explore these 2 issues.

Setting 3 primary care services, an acute care hospital, an intermediate care centre and 4 nursing homes in a mixed urban–rural district in Barcelona, Spain.

Participants 782 patients (61.5% women) with a positive NECPAL CCOMS-ICO test, indicating they might benefit from a PC approach.

Outcome measures The characteristics and distribution of the indicators of the NECPAL CCOMS-ICO tool are analysed with respect to the 3 trajectories and have been arranged by domain (functional, nutritional and cognitive status, emotional problems, geriatric syndromes, social vulnerability and others) and according to their static (severity) and dynamic (progression) properties.

Results The common indicators associated with early end-of-life identification are functional (44.3%) and nutritional (30.7%) progression, emotional distress (21.9%) and geriatric syndromes (15.7% delirium, 11.2% falls). The rest of the indicators showed differences in the associations per illness trajectories (p<0.05). 48.2% of the total cohort was identified as advanced frailty patients with no advanced disease criteria.

Conclusions Dynamic indicators are present in the 3 trajectories and are especially useful to identify PACC for a progressive PC approach purpose. Most of the other indicators are typically associated with a specific trajectory. These findings can help clinicians improve the identification of patients for a palliative approach.

  • Advanced chronic conditions
  • End-of-life trajectories
  • Advanced Frailty
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Prognosis

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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