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Sequential simulation (SqS) of clinical pathways: a tool for public and patient engagement in point-of-care diagnostics
  1. Jeremy R Huddy1,
  2. Sharon-Marie Weldon1,
  3. Shvaita Ralhan1,
  4. Tim Painter2,
  5. George B Hanna1,
  6. Roger Kneebone1,
  7. Fernando Bello1
  1. 1Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, London, UK
  2. 2Patient Representative, London Cancer Alliance, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Jeremy R Huddy; j.huddy{at}imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

Objectives Public and patient engagement (PPE) is fundamental to healthcare research. To facilitate effective engagement in novel point-of-care tests (POCTs), the test and downstream consequences of the result need to be considered. Sequential simulation (SqS) is a tool to represent patient journeys and the effects of intervention at each and subsequent stages. This case study presents a process evaluation of SqS as a tool for PPE in the development of a volatile organic compound-based breath test POCT for the diagnosis of oesophagogastric (OG) cancer.

Setting Three 3-hour workshops in central London.

Participants 38 members of public attended a workshop, 26 (68%) had no prior experience of the OG cancer diagnostic pathway.

Interventions Clinical pathway SqS was developed from a storyboard of a patient, played by an actor, noticing symptoms of oesophageal cancer and following a typical diagnostic pathway. The proposed breath testing strategy was then introduced and incorporated into a second SqS to demonstrate pathway impact. Facilitated group discussions followed each SqS.

Primary and secondary outcome measures Evaluation was conducted through pre-event and postevent questionnaires, field notes and analysis of audiovisual recordings.

Results 38 participants attended a workshop. All participants agreed they were able to contribute to discussions and like the idea of an OG cancer breath test. Five themes emerged related to the proposed new breath test including awareness of OG cancer, barriers to testing and diagnosis, design of new test device, new clinical pathway and placement of test device. 3 themes emerged related to the use of SqS: participatory engagement, simulation and empathetic engagement, and why participants attended.

Conclusions SqS facilitated a shared immersive experience for participants and researchers that led to the coconstruction of knowledge that will guide future research activities and be of value to stakeholders concerned with the invention and adoption of POCT.

  • Point-of-Care Testing
  • Patient Engagement
  • Patient Simulation
  • Volatile Organic Compounds

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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