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Feasibility study of an integrated stroke self-management programme: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
  1. Fiona Jones1,
  2. Heather Gage2,
  3. Avril Drummond3,
  4. Ajay Bhalla4,
  5. Robert Grant1,
  6. Sheila Lennon5,
  7. Christopher McKevitt6,
  8. Afsane Riazi7,
  9. Matthew Liston1,8
  1. 1Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education, Kingston University and St George's, University of London, London, UK
  2. 2School of Economics, University of Surrey, Surrey, UK
  3. 3School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  4. 4Division of Health and Ageing, Guy's & St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  5. 5School of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Daw Park, South Australia, Australia
  6. 6Division of Health & Social Care Research, Guy's and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, King's College London, London, UK
  7. 7Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Surrey, UK
  8. 8School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Professor Fiona Jones; F.Jones{at}sgul.kingston.ac.uk

Abstract

Objectives To test the feasibility of conducting a controlled trial into the effectiveness of a self-management programme integrated into stroke rehabilitation.

Design A feasibility cluster-randomised design was utilised with stroke rehabilitation teams as units of randomisation.

Setting Community-based stroke rehabilitation teams in London.

Participants 78 patients with a diagnosis of stroke requiring community based rehabilitation.

Intervention The intervention consisted of an individualised approach to self-management based on self-efficacy. Clinicians were trained to integrate defined self-management principles into scheduled rehabilitation sessions, supported by a patient-held workbook.

Main outcomes measures Patient measures of quality of life, mood, self-efficacy and functional capacity, and health and social care utilisation, were carried out by blinded assessors at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks. Fidelity and acceptability of the delivery were evaluated by observation and interviews.

Results 4 community stroke rehabilitation teams were recruited, and received a total of 317 stroke referrals over 14 months. Of these, 138 met trial eligibility criteria and 78 participants were finally recruited (56.5%). Demographic and baseline outcome measures were similar between intervention and control arms, with the exception of age. All outcome measures were feasible to use and clinical data at 12 weeks were completed for 66/78 participants (85%; 95% CI 75% to 92%). There was no significant difference in any of the outcomes between the arms of the trial, but measures of functional capacity and self-efficacy showed responsiveness to the intervention. Observation and interview data confirmed acceptability and fidelity of delivery according to predetermined criteria. Costs varied by site.

Conclusions It was feasible to integrate a stroke self-management programme into community rehabilitation, using key principles. Some data were lost to follow-up, but overall results support the need for conducting further research in this area and provide data to support the design of a definitive trial.

Trial registration number ISRCTN42534180.

  • REHABILITATION MEDICINE
  • PUBLIC HEALTH

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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