Article Text

Download PDFPDF

  1. Rachel Lynn Y Belandres
  1. School of Economics, University of Asia and the Pacific, Pasig City, Philippines


Background Health is an important aspect of human development. However, not everyone, especially the poor, has access to health care services, which is the case in the Philippines. Because of this, the Aquino Health Agenda was developed to address the problem on accessing health care services in the Philippines.

Objectives This study aims to determine if the Aquino Health Agenda policies are really pro-poor and cost effective.

Methods The Aquino Health Agenda policies were tested in terms of equity and efficiency using Benefit Incidence Analysis and Cost Effectiveness Analysis respectively. The policies that were simulated in this study are upgrading health facilities under the Health Facilities Enhancement Program and expanding health insurance coverage under the National Health Insurance Program. In addition, the policy simulation only covered the following Philippine regions: Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Eastern Visayas, and Bicol Region.

Result The results revealed that when it comes to equity, expanding health insurance coverage is more pro-poor than upgrading of health facilities in ARMM, Eastern Visayas, and Bicol Region. On the other hand, when it comes to efficiency or cost-effectiveness, expanding health insurance coverage is more cost effective in Eastern Visayas, while upgrading of health facilities is more cost effective in ARMM and Bicol Region.

Conclusion Deaspite the given results, it is still highly recommended that both policy options should be implemented, since they complement each other. However, in implementing both policies, the government should take note the specific circumstances of each region, so that they can truly determine what policy they should give more bearing in each of the regions.


This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.