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Heavier smoking may lead to a relative increase in waist circumference: evidence for a causal relationship from a Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis. The CARTA consortium

Authors

  • Richard W Morris School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Amy E Taylor MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies and School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Meg E Fluharty MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies and School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Johan H Bjørngaard Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Forensic Department, Research Centre Bröset, St Olav's University Hospital Trondheim, Trondheim, Norway PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Bjørn Olav Åsvold Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Department of Endocrinology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Maiken Elvestad Gabrielsen Department of Laboratory Medicine, Children's and Women's Health, The Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Archie Campbell Medical Genetics Section, Centre for Genomic and Experimental Medicine, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Riccardo Marioni Medical Genetics Section, Centre for Genomic and Experimental Medicine, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Meena Kumari Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Colchester, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Tellervo Korhonen Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Satu Männistö Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Pedro Marques-Vidal Department of Internal Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marika Kaakinen Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Alana Cavadino Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Iris Postmus Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Netherlands Consortium of Healthy Ageing, Leiden, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Lise Lotte N Husemoen Research Centre for Prevention and Health, the Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Tea Skaaby Research Centre for Prevention and Health, the Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Tarun Veer Singh Ahluwalia Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark COPSAC, Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jorien L Treur Department of Biological Psychology, Netherlands Twin Register, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Gonneke Willemsen Department of Biological Psychology, Netherlands Twin Register, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Caroline Dale Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • S Goya Wannamethee Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jari Lahti Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Aarno Palotie Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Cambridge, UK Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Finland The Medical and Population Genomics Program, The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Katri Räikkönen Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Alex McConnachie Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Sandosh Padmanabhan Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Andrew Wong MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing at UCL, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Christine Dalgård Department of Environmental Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Lavinia Paternoster School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Yoav Ben-Shlomo School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jessica Tyrrell European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, UK Genetics of Complex Traits, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • John Horwood Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • David M Fergusson Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Martin A Kennedy Department of Pathology, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Ellen A Nohr Institute for Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Lene Christiansen Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Kirsten Ohm Kyvik Department of Environmental Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Diana Kuh MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing at UCL, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Graham Watt University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Johan G Eriksson National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland Vasa Central Hospital, Vasa, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Peter H Whincup Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jacqueline M Vink Department of Biological Psychology, Netherlands Twin Register, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Dorret I Boomsma Department of Biological Psychology, Netherlands Twin Register, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • George Davey Smith School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Debbie Lawlor School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Allan Linneberg Research Centre for Prevention and Health, the Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark Department of Clinical Experimental Research, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark. Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Ian Ford Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • J Wouter Jukema Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Durrer Center for Cardiogenetic Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Chris Power Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Elina Hyppönen Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK Centre for Population Health Research, School of Health Sciences and Sansom Institute of Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland Unit of Primary Care, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland Department of Children and Young People and Families, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Oulu, Finland Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MRC Health Protection Agency (HPA) Centre for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Martin Preisig Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Katja Borodulin National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jaakko Kaprio Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Mika Kivimaki Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Blair H Smith Division of Population Health Sciences, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Caroline Hayward Medical Research Council Human Genetics Unit, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Pål R Romundstad Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Thorkild I A Sørensen MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederikberg Hospitals, The Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marcus R Munafò MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) at the University of Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies and School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Naveed Sattar Faculty of Medicine, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Glasgow, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Professor Richard W Morris; richard.morris{at}bristol.ac.uk
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Citation

Morris RW, Taylor AE, Fluharty ME, et al
Heavier smoking may lead to a relative increase in waist circumference: evidence for a causal relationship from a Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis. The CARTA consortium

Publication history

  • Received May 18, 2015
  • Revised July 14, 2015
  • Accepted July 21, 2015
  • First published August 11, 2015.
Online issue publication 
August 11, 2015
  • Supplementary Data

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

  • Supplementary Data

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

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