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Characteristics of women who practice yoga in different locations during pregnancy
  1. Holger Cramer1,2,
  2. Jane Frawley2,
  3. Amie Steel2,3,
  4. Helen Hall2,4,
  5. Jon Adams2,
  6. Alex Broom5,
  7. David Sibbritt2
  1. 1Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
  2. 2Faculty of Health, Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  3. 3Endeavour College of Natural Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  4. 4School of Nursing & Midwifery, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
  5. 5Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Holger Cramer; h.cramer{at}


Objectives Yoga practice during pregnancy is gaining increasing popularity. This study examined the characteristics of pregnant women who practiced yoga in regard to the different locations (at home, in yoga classes, or both).

Design The study sample was drawn from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), a national longitudinal study of women to investigate multiple factors affecting health and well-being of women over a 20-year period.

Setting Postal survey.

Participants Women born between 1973 and 1978, who were randomly selected from the national Medicare database and identified as being pregnant or having recently given birth (n=2316).

Outcome measures Relationships between yoga use (attending yoga classes and/or practising yoga at home) and women's characteristics (demographic measures, pregnancy-related health concerns, health service utilisation, attitudes to complementary and alternative medicine).

Results Practising yoga both at home and in classes was associated with perceiving complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as preventative (odds ratio (OR)=1.62); perceiving CAM as affording health control (OR=1.50); experiencing sadness (OR=1.72); preparing for labour (OR=2.31); birthing in a birth centre (OR=7.97); and experiencing less vomiting (OR=0.38). Practising at home only was associated with perceiving CAM as affording health control (OR=1.76); perceiving CAM as promoting a holistic health approach (OR=1.65); and birthing in a birth centre (OR=3.54). Practising in classes only was associated with experiencing stress (OR=1.97); and birthing in a birth centre (OR=4.85) (all p<0.05).

Conclusions The findings suggest that the location in which a woman practices yoga is associated with attitudinal, health-related and birth environmental factors.

  • YOGA

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