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Adaptation and uptake evaluation of an SMS text message smoking cessation programme (MiQuit) for use in antenatal care
  1. Felix Naughton1,
  2. Sue Cooper2,
  3. Katharine Bowker2,
  4. Katarzyna Campbell2,
  5. Stephen Sutton1,
  6. Jo Leonardi-Bee2,
  7. Melanie Sloan1,
  8. Tim Coleman2
  1. 1Behavioural Science Group, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  2. 2Division of Primary Care, U.K. Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies and National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Felix Naughton; fmen2{at}medschl.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

Objectives To adapt a tailored short message service (SMS) text message smoking cessation intervention (MiQuit) for use without active health professional endorsement in routine antenatal care settings, to estimate ‘real-world’ uptake and test the feasibility of its use.

Design Single-site service evaluation.

Setting A Nottinghamshire (UK) antenatal clinic.

Participants Pregnant women accessing the antenatal clinic (N=1750) over 6 months.

Intervention A single-sheet A5 leaflet provided in the women's maternity notes folder describing the MiQuit text service. Similar materials were left on clinic desks and noticeboards.

Outcome measures MiQuit activation requests and system interactions were logged for two time frames: 6 months (strict) and 8 months (extended). Local hospital data were used to estimate the denominator of pregnant smokers exposed to the materials.

Results During the strict and extended time frames, 13 and 25 activation requests were received, representing 3% (95% CI 2% to 5%) and 4% (95% CI 3% to 6%) of estimated smokers, respectively. Only 11 (44%) of the 25 requesting activation sent a correctly formatted initiation text. Of those activating MiQuit, and invited to complete tailoring questions (used to tailor support), 6 (67%) completed all 12 questions by text or website and 5 (56%) texted a quit date to the system. Of the 11 activating MiQuit, 5 (45%, 95% CI 21% to 72%) stopped the programme prematurely.

Conclusions A low-intensity, cheap cessation intervention promoted at very low cost, resulted in a small but potentially impactful uptake rate by pregnant smokers.

  • smoking cessation
  • pregnancy
  • text message
  • service evaluation

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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