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Are schoolteachers able to teach first aid to children younger than 6 years? A comparative study
  1. Christine Ammirati1,2,3,
  2. Rémi Gagnayre2,
  3. Carole Amsallem1,3,
  4. Bernard Némitz1,
  5. Maxime Gignon2,3,4
  1. 1Emergency Medicine Department, University Hospital of Amiens, Amiens, France
  2. 2Laboratory Education and Health Practices, University Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France
  3. 3Active Teaching and Health Simulation Training Centre (CPA-SimUSanté©), Amiens, France
  4. 4Public Health Department, University Hospital of Amiens, Amiens, France
  1. Correspondence to Prof. Christine Ammirati; christine.ammirati{at}chu-amiens.fr

Abstract

Objectives This study was designed to assess the knowledge acquired by very young children (<6 years) trained by their own teachers at nursery school. This comparative study assessed the effect of training before the age of 6 years compared with a group of age-matched untrained children.

Setting Some schoolteachers were trained by emergency medical teams to perform basic first aid.

Participants Eighteen classes comprising 315 pupils were randomly selected: nine classes of trained pupils (cohort C1) and nine classes of untrained pupils (cohort C2).

Primary and secondary outcome measures The test involved observing and describing three pictures and using the phone to call the medical emergency centre. Assessment of each child was based on nine criteria, and was performed by the teacher 2 months after completion of first aid training.

Results This study concerned 285 pupils: 140 trained and 145 untrained. The majority of trained pupils gave the expected answers for all criteria and reacted appropriately by assessing the situation and alerting emergency services (55.7−89.3% according to the questions). Comparison of the two groups revealed a significantly greater ability of trained pupils to describe an emergency situation (p<0.005) and raise the alert (p<0.0001).

Conclusions This study shows the ability of very young children to assimilate basic skills as taught by their own schoolteachers.

  • EDUCATION & TRAINING (see Medical Education & Training)
  • PRIMARY CARE
  • PUBLIC HEALTH

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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