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Unusually low prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium in urine samples from infertile men and healthy controls: a prevalence study
  1. Vanda Plecko1,
  2. Lidija Zele-Starcevic1,
  3. Vesna Tripkovic1,
  4. Mihael Skerlev2,
  5. Suzana Ljubojevic2,
  6. Sanja Plesko1,
  7. Ivana Marekovic1,
  8. Jorgen Skov Jensen3
  1. 1Department of Clinical and Molecular Microbiology, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb and School of Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  2. 2Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb and School of Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  3. 3Mycoplasma Laboratory, Staten's Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vesna Tripkovic; vbtripkovic{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objective To detect Mycoplasma genitalium in urine samples of infertile men and men without any signs of infection in order to investigate whether M. genitalium and other genital mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma spp) are found more often in urine samples of infertile men than in asymptomatic controls and to determine resistance to macrolides.

Methods The study included first void urine samples taken from 145 infertile men and 49 men with no symptoms of urethritis. M. genitalium, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae were detected by commercial PCR. Trichomonas vaginalis was detected by microscopy and culture. M. hominis and Ureaplasma spp were detected by culture. M. genitalium was detected by in-house conventional and real-time PCR.

Results Two M. genitalium positive samples were found among samples obtained from infertile men. All asymptomatic men were M. genitalium negative. Macrolide resistance was not found in either of the two positive samples.

Conclusions In comparison with reported data, an unusually low prevalence of M. genitalium was found in infertile men. The reasons for this unexpected result are not known; possibly, local demographic and social characteristics of the population influenced the result. Further studies to investigate M. genitalium in infertile and other groups of patients are needed.

  • MICROBIOLOGY
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY

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