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Lung protective ventilation in patients undergoing major surgery: a systematic review protocol
  1. Zhongheng Zhang1,
  2. Xiaoyun Hu2,
  3. Xia Zhang1,
  4. Xiuqi Zhu1,
  5. Li Zhu1,
  6. Liqian Chen1,
  7. Jiaping Huai1,
  8. Bin Du2,
  9. for the China Critical Care Clinical Trials Group (CCCCTG)
  1. 1Department of Critical Care Medicine, Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital, Jinhua Hospital of Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China
  2. 2Medical ICU, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Bin Du; dubin98{at}


Introduction There is growing interest in the use of low tidal volume ventilation in patients undergoing general anaesthesia. However, its potential benefit has long been debated and conflicting results have been reported. We describe here the protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis for investigating the beneficial effects of low tidal volume ventilation in patients undergoing general anaesthesia.

Methods and analysis Data sources include PubMed, Scopus, Embase and EBSCO. Patients undergoing general anaesthesia will be included irrespective of type of surgery. The intervention is low tidal volume ventilation or protective ventilation, and the control is conventional ventilation. The quality of included trials will be assessed by using Delphi consensus. Outcomes include new onset lung injury, atelectasis, arrhythmia, levels of inflammatory biomarkers, arterial oxygenation, partial pressure of carbon dioxide and alveolar–arterial oxygen gradient. Conventional approaches for meta-analysis will be used, and heterogeneity will be investigated by using subgroup analysis and meta-regression if appropriate. The Bayesian method will be used for the synthesis of binary outcome data.

Ethics and dissemination The systematic review was approved by the ethics committee of Jinhua hospital of Zhejiang university and will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and will be disseminated electronically and in print.

Registration details The study protocol has been registered in PROSPERO ( under registration number CRD42013006416.

  • mechnical ventilation

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